Toyota completely abandon cars with internal combustion engines
Toyota Motor Company announced a plan to transition to all-electric vehicles. All models are sold under the brands of Toyota and the Lexus, the year 2025 will be offered exclusively with electrical and hybrid power plants. By 2030 the company plans to reach the sales level of 5, 5 million electrified vehicles, including 1 million will be fully electric models (EV) with zero-emission into the atmosphere, working exclusively on the basis of the battery (BEV) or hydrogen fuel cells ( FCEV).
carry out the electrification of lineup Toyota expects over 10 years (2020-2030.). During this time, the company intends to significantly accelerate the development and launch of hybrid models (HEV), rechargeable hybrids (PHEV), and electric BEV and FCEV. Already in 2020, Toyota will release the global market for at least 10 BEV models. Sales of new products will start first in China, then in Japan, India, the United States and finally in Europe. At the moment, the company has virtually no electric car, with the exception of model FCEV Mirai, sells a limited number of markets. However, in the next decade, the company will release not only cars, but also commercial FCEV model.
It should be recognized that Toyota recent years, very skeptical about electric vehicles, working on the basis of batteries. In 2014, she gave up a joint project with Tesla Motors to produce the electric version of crossover RAV4 and closed the production of electrical modifications iQ mini-car - low sales. The company was able to realize only about 100 such machines in the US and Japan. However long the company could not resist progress. How else? Gape - and its main competitors will overtake you quickly. As a result, Japan's biggest carmaker still decided to change strategy. In general, affected, of course, not only the activities of competitors, but also preparing bills in China, India, Europe and other countries, which will regulate the use of environmentally friendly transport in order to reduce the level of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, in the long term more dolgoplanovoy Toyota plans to reduce carbon dioxide emissions of their new models by 2050 by 90 percent compared with the 2010 level. With the launch of ten new models at once electric company based in an outsider in this field, can turn directly into the leader of the race, at least among Japanese manufacturers, including beating and pioneer of this technology, the company Nissan Motor. The latter presented a Leaf electric car in 2010, were not disclosed more detailed details about the expansion of the model range EV range, indicating only about a joint plan with Renault for the alliance partners and Mitsubishi to market by 2022, 12 new vehicles with zero emission. Another Japanese company, Honda Motor, announced plans to release a model electric car in China next year, and then another model for the European market in 2019. Even before its plans to transition to electric vehicles announced by companies such as BMW, Daimler, Volvo Cars and Volkswagen Group.
With regards to the skeptical attitude of Toyota in relation to electric vehicles, working on the basis of the battery, the reason for this was primarily due to insufficient technical characteristics of the latter. According to the company, in spite of all the loud announcements from other manufacturers, the battery continues to offer a very limited range and low velocity of the charge. As a result, Toyota has decided to develop batteries with solid electrolyte alone. Commercial production is scheduled to start in the beginning of the 2020s. In addition, the company signed an agreement with Panasonic on the joint development and production of a new generation of batteries based on liquid electrolyte. By 2030, Toyota plans to invest in this business for about 13, $ 3 billion. In addition, together with Mazda Motor and Denso (supplier of automobile components) planned to develop a new architecture for an EV. It is also planned to expand the range HEV based on second-generation power plant Toyota Hybrid System II (used in the current generation of cars Toyota Prius) - the creation of a more powerful and simplified version of the hybrid system. Do not forget Toyota and the infrastructure, promising to create a station for processing and recycling of batteries, exhaust their resources on electric vehicles, and expand the network of electric charging stations and hydrogen filling stations. Amidst all this news shares of the company at auction rose by 2, 8 percent. This led to the fact that the capitalization of the company amounted to 22, 7 trillion yen (about 202 billion dollars).