NASA plans to send aircraft to Venus
Space agency NASA has long interested in the sky of Venus. The space agency has commissioned Colorado company Black Swift Technologies to develop the aircraft for atmospheric observations of Venus. "Black Swift Technologies provides air solutions for wild land fires and volcanic observations, tornadoes and hurricanes - the most extreme events on Earth," says CEO BST Jack Elston. "This mission will be a natural extension of our development, but now we focus on the extreme conditions of Venus."
As a specialized engineering firm, BST will provide specially designed scientific aerial platform. The company offers a planetary air transport, based on a "dynamic soaring", which takes advantage of the wandering wind for propulsion and speed dial. On Earth, small machines usually use dynamic soaring, as seabirds that migrate over long distances.
"Our solution will not only survive the severe wind conditions, but also to produce a targeted intake air samples with continuous energy extraction even on the dark side of the planet," says Alston.
Despite the fact that the surface temperature of Venus higher than at any other planets in the solar system (467 degrees Celsius), atmospheric pressure and temperature at a height of about 50-65 kilometers are the same as in the world.
The upper layers of Venus resemble earthly conditions even than dry and cold the surface of Mars.
Venus atmosphere consists largely of carbon dioxide and nitrogen is much denser and hotter than the earth. The upper layers of the atmosphere of Venus show a phenomenon called "supervraschenie", they rotate much faster than the planet itself (4 Earth days against 243 Earth days).
As a result, the winds are accelerated to 360 km / h. But the wind slows down with decreasing height, and on the surface of Venus is already walking a breeze (10 km / h). Planning at an altitude of 50-65 kilometers of the machine will feel "like a fish in water."