NASA is going to overtake Russia and China, of landing a man on the moon in 2028
In November last year, space agency NASA has selected nine private aerospace companies, who will be able to compete for the right to development and delivery of robotic spacecraft, scientific instruments and other instruments on the Moon as part of the new program Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS), aimed not only to return, but the US attachment to the Earth's satellite. On Thursday, the agency made the announcement, referring to the US aerospace industry for help in the creation of devices that in 2028 will deliver astronauts to the lunar surface.
Before people again set foot on the lunar surface in 2024. NASA is going to send a satellite Unmanned spacecraft. The agency has announced a competition among private companies in the creation of the probe with a deadline for applications March 25, 2019.
"If it depended only on our desire, we would like to fly there later this calendar year. Nevertheless, we are aiming for a quick execution of tasks ", - said Thomas Tsurbuhen, NASA Associate Administrator for Science in the course of in Washington" sectoral meeting "with representatives of the US space industry.
Adviser added that the first phase of the program agency will transfer to different companies, "several contracts' worth from 300 thousand to nine million dollars and will be ready to go to certain risks, to speed up the start of development programs aimed at commercial cooperation in matters related to flying to the moon.
"We do not expect every run and every landing on the moon will be successful. We are running the risk, but this risk is justified, "- said Tsurbuhen.
nine companies, which the agency has selected in November last year to assist the implementation of the Commercial Lunar Payload Services program are: Astrobotic, Deep Space Systems, Draper, Firefly Aerospace, Intuitive Machines, Lockheed Martin Space, Masten Space Systems, Moon Express and Orbit Beyond. All of them on a competitive basis will be able to participate actively in the development and maintenance of a wide variety of agency-related projects with the creation and development of lunar infrastructure, the solution of scientific and other issues. For example, under some development tasks and send to the moon scientific equipment will be held, which will be used to address issues related to the different scientific mysteries of the Earth's satellite. Within the other will be the development and delivery of equipment for exploration and production of natural resources of the Moon, as well as various demonstrations of technologies that ultimately help establish a human settlement on the moon.
Of course, the most important lunar resource that interested NASA, at least at this stage is water, basic stocks which are in the form of ice deposits in the shaded areas constantly polar craters satellite. In addition, significant reserves of water contained and pyroclastic rocks all over the moon. Access to this resource will not only create a satellite human settlement, ensuring that the needs of future colonists, but also to use it for the production of hydrogen and oxygen - the main components of rocket fuel. As the portal Space.com, CLPS program is only part of a wider plan for NASA for the development of the Moon, in which priority is given to the open architecture, directed towards cooperation with many commercial and international partners.
Commercial vehicles - not the only thing that would like to see NASA on the moon. One of the major objectives of the new program is to create a small lunar orbital Gateway station, the construction of which the agency plans to start in 2022. The station is designed to be a kind of a hub, through which will continue to be carried out a variety of space missions. It is planned to use for both manned and unmanned scientific missions, including the use of unmanned and manned lunar landing module, and as a "transit point" for sending missions to deeper space.
The last person who was on the moon, was Eugene Cernan, who visited her in December 1972 as part of the mission "Apollo 17". NASA wants to return to Earth satellite in 2028, after 56 years. However, the agency is not going to simply repeat the success of the mission "Apollo" setting on the moon American flag and returning back to Earth.
"We are planning to return to the moon as soon as possible by using private companies, and our initiative is fully supported by President Donald Trump. I hope that we will be there as early as 2028. But this time forever. We are not going to be left on the moon flag and the following, and then go home and wait for 50 years "- says James Braydenstayn, head of NASA.
According Braydenstayna, exploration of the Moon will be a very important step towards the development and implementation capabilities of manned missions to Mars. At the same time, it is not the only reason why the US so keen on the moon. In the back, breathe, China and Russia, which are also expressed their desire to gain a foothold on the Earth's satellite. Russia is considering the possibility of the first manned flight to the Moon and the start of construction of a lunar base in 2031-m and 2034-m, respectively. China is going to send a man to the Earth's satellite for about a year before. Celestial also wants to establish a base there.
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