Scientists: Frequent use of smart phones leads to the growth of horns. Literally
Mobile technology radically changed our way of life - as we read, work, communicate, shop and meet. But it has long been known thing. However, there is something else that many of us are not yet able to realize - these tiny machines are not only able to change our behavior, but also our body, which we use in order to use these gadgets. New research in the field of biomechanics suggest that the youth of today there is a tendency of growth horn thorns - bony growths on the back of the skull caused by frequent tilt your head forward, it carries its weight with the spine on the back of the head muscles. This, the researchers say, leads to the growth of bone in the tendons and ligaments.
The researchers note that the transfer of weight, causing build-up, can be compared to the way our skin blisters appear - in response to pressure and abrasion of the skin is a seal. Only in this case, people just above the neck is a slight bulge bone or horn.
Why is the correct posture?
In several scientific works a team of scientists from the Australian University of the Sunshine Coast states that the surveillance of cases of bone growth in adolescents are associated with changes in posture caused by the use of modern technologies. Scientists say that smartphones and other mobile devices make the human form literally bend, requiring us to tilt the head forward to see what is happening on the screen of a small gadget. According to the researchers, their observations are the first documentary evidence in response to the penetration of modern technologies in our everyday life, our body starts a physiological or skeletal adaptation. Health experts have mentioned before the emergence of the so-called syndrome of "text neck" (the person keeps the neck in an inclined position due to the frequent use of a mobile device) or tunnel syndrome thumb, which the researchers associated with the frequent gatherings in video games and using the numeric keypad smartphones but up to this point, researchers had not attempted to draw parallels between the use of mobile devices and deep bone changes in our body.
"The most important question of our research is what the future generation of young adults, if the development of such degenerative processes has been observed at such an early stage of their life?", - the authors of the study are given in its most recent paper published in the journal Scientific Reports.
The results of this study were published in the last year, however, it passed imperceptibly. The new wave of interest in the same to them appeared only after the recent publication of the edition of BBC stories about how modern technology can change our skeleton. The article caught the attention of the Australian media, creating between them, even a kind of competition for the best description of these growths, "horns", "Smartphones bones", "spikes", "weird protuberances", the headlines were full of books.
According to David Shahar, lead author of the study, chiropractic, recently defended his doctoral thesis on biomechanics at the University of the Sunshine Coast, fit any of these definitions.
"It all depends on your imagination. Some of these things may resemble a bird's beak, the other - the horn, the third - the hook. Fits any definition, "- he said in a conversation with the publication of The Washington Post.
But whatever it was, says Shahar, naros this is a sign of a serious deformation of posture, which can cause chronic headaches, spinal and neck pain.
One of the most surprising facts in this study is the size of the growths, says Shahar. On average, it is considered quite large when it comes to the length of 3-5 mm, but the selection of scientists were only cases when it came to the remainders of a minimum size of 10 millimeters.
are exposed to bad posture
The danger lies not in themselves horn growths, says Mark Sayers, assistant professor of biomechanics from the Australian University of the Sunshine Coast, is the curator of Shahar in this study and the second co-author. This build-up, rather, "a signal to the body that something is wrong, that the back and neck are not in the right position," the researcher noted.
The work of scientists began about three years ago with a series of X-rays of the thoracic Australian hospital patients in Queensland. These images partially covered part of the skull, including the external occipital protuberance, to which are attached some neck ligaments and muscles and where actually formed bony growths called enzofitami.
Contrary to common perception of bone horn growths that are usually observed all rare and mostly only in the elderly after years of exercise, Shahar found that these formations are very often met on radiographs of young patients, including those in who did not appear to be any obvious symptoms associated with the presence of these "horns." The first results of a group of Australian scientists observations were published scientific publication Journal of Anatomy in 2016. In particular, they reported on the analysis of 218 X-rays of people aged 18 to 30 years. It turned out that 41 percent (much higher than the global statistics) these young people observed these formations. Scientists then also noted that this feature is more common in men.
According to Sayers, problem bears the name of "an increase in the outer part of the occipital protuberance" before met so rarely that one of her first observers in the late 19th century, argued on the topic of what is actually no increase does not exist. Well, the modern world dictates completely different rules and draws a very different picture.
Another work of the scientists has been published in the journal Clinical Biomechanics in the spring of 2018. It specifically handle cases of four teenagers. The study authors found that the growths are not some genetic factor or a consequence of an illness, but rather are the result of mechanical stress on the muscles of neck and cranial department.
Modern technology and the implications of their use
In the article the magazine Scientific Reports, published a month earlier to the above work, scientists have reported an increase in the sample of patients and study of X-rays in 1200 patients of Queensland aged 18 to 86 years. Scientists have discovered the growth of bone processes, which was observed in 33 percent of the population and, as it turned out, if any declined with age people. It turned out that this finding is in sharp contrast with an earlier-formed scientific ideas about what processes the growth occurs more often in older people. Instead, the scientists found that the bony growths seen in a much wider and younger audience. To understand exactly what is the cause of this anomaly, scientists have decided to pay attention to the latest achievements of mankind - events of the past 10-20 years, which could affect the posture of young people.
"This build-up time is required for development. In other words, this means that those who have observed and likely increased stress exerted on the area of their cervical-cranial department starting from a very early age, "- explains Shahar.
The level of voltage, which is necessary to the bone penetrated tendon prompted scientist on the assumption that the cause of this is the portable mobile device, using which people usually tilted his head forward, using the back of the skull muscles that prevent it from falling on his chest.
"What makes us modern technology? People are more sedentary lifestyle, stick out your neck forward to see what is happening on those little screens. To distribute this load requires an adaptive process, "- continues to Shahar.
How to fix a posture problem?
The fact that the growth of these structures requires a long time, scientists say, may mean that the long-term correction of posture will stop him as to prevent further consequences of this disease. The researchers add that the problem is not necessarily only in the complete rejection of such mobile technology. To do this, there are less drastic options.
"We need to develop mechanisms of adaptation, which would reflect the extent to which technologies have become essential in our daily lives," - says Shahar.
The scientist insists that people have become more attentive to their posture, than they began to treat the health of their teeth with the 70s, starting every day to use a toothbrush and dental floss. Learn the correct posture is necessary since childhood, having adopted this practice in various educational institutions. Anyone who daily during the working day use of technology, should conduct "recalibration" of his posture at night, says the researcher.
As an incentive it offers to all tilt the head forward and a hand on the lower back of the skull. If these processes you have, then you will feel them.
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