Who is smarter - cats or dogs?

Between dog lovers and cat tense debate about who of the four-legged pets are smarter. How can you determine the level of intellectual abilities of our pets? Whether or not to rely on this issue to their own opinion or better to turn to science? In recent years, many studies aimed at addressing this issue. But the final point here is too early yet.

Who is smarter - cats or dogs?

Dogs smarter than cats?

One of the arguments in favor of the opinion that dogs are smarter cats is the ability of an animal training. Like humans, dogs use different areas of the brain for the treatment of various features of human speech. dogs left hemisphere of the brain processes the meanings of words, and the right - is used for the analysis of intonation, which refer to them. Scientists found out that dogs can learn new words by linking them clearly to any action or object.

At the same time demonstrate a similar ability and cats. As shown by the work of Japanese scientists, mustachioed Purring also able to remember the voice, speech and even the tone of their owners. Results Japanese colleagues recently confirmed by American scientists.

Research also shows that cats are able to remember what happened to them, and to remember the necessary information, if necessary. For example, during the experiment, scientists tried to establish whether the cat after 15 minutes to recall food from a bowl, they have already eaten, and what remained full. It was found out that cats are really able to handle short-term memory, to find out what and where.

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How to determine the level of intelligence?

Who is smarter - cats or dogs?

These examples clearly demonstrate the high intellectual capabilities of each of the species. However, whether these opportunities with animal brain size? Previously, scientists have actually tried to build such a parallel. However, results of recent studies refute this assumption.

Having studied the brains of several animals, including dogs and cats, the researchers came to the conclusion that the level of animal intelligence does not depend on the size of "gray matter". More interesting indication is the number contained in the cortex of cortical neurons - special cells that process, store and transmit information by electrical and chemical signals.

According to researchers, the total number of neurons in the brain of an animal, especially in the cortex determines the richness of his intellectual abilities and the ability to predict events based on past experience. Scientists have found that the cerebral cortex contains 530 million dogs and cats in less than half - 250 million.

Can we conclude from this that dogs are smarter cats? The researchers themselves say that dogs are biologically more suited to the complex mental processes than cats. But at the same time explain that this does not mean that stupid cat.

The complexity of an objective assessment of these types of intelligence is that cats and dogs are very different and behave differently. Each type in something better and something worse.

The cats are different from dogs?

Who is smarter - cats or dogs?

For example, in cats is very well developed sensorimotor intelligence predator. They are on this indicator strongly outperform dogs. The astonishing ability of cats "play with terrestrial attraction" is not limited to the ability to balance, jump and land on four paws. Even domestic cats constantly train (play, running for toys and your feet), indicating that the remaining hunting skills. Cats can hunt prey that is larger and more dangerous than them several times. In this case, for example, recently seen in Australia, where the cats have become a real epidemic.

Unlike dogs, cats are very careful and cautious. Being in an unfamiliar environment, the first thing they are all carefully inspect and sniff. And then, making sure there is no danger, they will find a warm and cozy place. The cat never run up to the unknown object or person. In dogs, there is no such behavior that can sometimes cost them their lives, and certainly not talking about high intellectual abilities.

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In turn, the dog survived the so-called collective intelligence. They are social animals. In the wild, wolves are considered the ancestors of the dog, always hunted by a pack, where for each assigned its own role. Domesticated dogs adapt easily among people and actively manifest themselves in communion with the person. It is for this reason, it is believed that dogs understand men much better than cats. Cats - introverts. They are accustomed to a solitary life. At the same time, the cats - excellent manipulators. Where the dog is looking for approval of its owner, the cat does not ask - it requires. And at the same time ready to go for any trick to get what you want. Even at 2 o'clock.

Cats are very selectively absorb information. They focus only on those things that seem interesting, but at the same time showing complete indifference to anything that does not interest them. Dogs in this respect more curious.

Does all of the above, that some of these species are more intelligent? No. It only says that they are very different and each is clever in his own way. And whether it is important to know "who is smarter," if it is not just about your beloved pet, but a full-fledged member of the family?

See also: A new species of cats with muscular and nocturnal

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