India has launched a lunar rover to the moon in the mission 'Chandrayaan-2 "
India launched its most ambitious space mission. With the launch vehicle GSLV MK-III weighing 640 tonnes the moon went interplanetary space station "Chandrayaan-2". This launch was scheduled for 15 July but due to unspecified technical problems it was decided to postpone for 56 minutes before the start. From the success of this mission will depend on - whether India will become the fourth country after the Soviet Union, the US and China, which will be able to gently land the spacecraft on the Earth's satellite.
Mission 'Chandrayaan-2 "continues the Indian lunar program begun in October 2008, the unit" Chandrayaan-1 ". He worked on the lunar orbit 312 days, and sent to the surface of the satellite shock probe, which made a hard landing near Shackleton Crater, located near the south pole of the Moon.
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Launch "Chandrayaan-2" coincided with the 50th anniversary of the landing of US astronauts on the moon July 20, 1969. As indicated on the page of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in the "Twitter" for the start of such an ambitious mission to the country a few kilometers from the 7,500 people attended the launch pad.
???????????????? This was so surreal to witness and experience in person !!! Congrats to everyone @isro ???????? ❤ # Chandrayaan2 #ISRO pic.twitter.com/adkqxyStCp - girish (@illokhsirig) July 22, 2019
as one of the users, "Twitter"
Machine "Chandrayaan-2" to overcome the 384,000 kilometers or more than five weeks to reach the moon. But fly to the moon - is not the only objective of the mission. The fact that the Indian space probe consists of three parts: the most space station weighing 2379 kg lander Vikram weight of 1471 kg, and 27-pound six-wheel rover automated Pragyaan. On Lunokhod stereo camera mounted navigation devices and to search for light and heavy chemical elements in the surface layer of lunar.
Vikram lander and rover Pragyaan
The descent module and a lunar rover is scheduled to land where no one was not - at the South Pole of the Moon. According to the calculations of the Indian Space Research Organization, the landing will occur 6 or 7 September. This will be the most difficult stage of the mission. Recall that in April when a similar operation crashed first lunar apparatus of Israel.
"Chandrayaan-2" mission tasks
According to Indian scientists, the southern polar regions of the Moon are of special interest as compared to the North Pole a large part of their surface is in shadow. As pointed out by Indian Space Research Organization, to devices mission 'Chandrayaan-2 "should once more tasks.
A robotic lander and rover, operating on the basis of solar panels (50W output), will search for water and minerals, and also to investigate the seismic activity on the satellite. The ISRO expect the rover will be able to work on the surface for 14 days. During this time he will overcome 500 meters of the lunar surface (the speed of the machine - 1 cm per second), will take pictures and send all received scientific data and images on the lander. That in turn will be able to transfer the collected information to Earth. Estimated time of the orbiter is 1 year.
Below you can see the 3D-modeling of the flight, "Chandrayaan-2":
Mission 'Chandrayaan-2 "is estimated at nearly $ 150 million.
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