Singing Cave Fingal
This famous sea cave is located on a small island of Staffa, which lies at the Scottish coast of Great Britain. The island has a length of 1 kilometer and the half kilometer wide. Endless rain and sea waves were drilled on this small piece of land the whole system of caves. The biggest of them was named after the giant Fingal - Irish hero epic.
Staffa Island - the smallest island, part of the Inner Hebrides. It has an area of only 33 hectares, and the highest point rises above sea level at 42 m The island gained notoriety in 1722 when he was visited by the famous English naturalist Dzhazef Banks. (1743 - 1820), who described Fingal's Cave.
One of the most striking features of the island of Staffa, which immediately catches the eye is the natural basalt columns, surprisingly correct form. Most of the columns are 6-face shape, but there are 3-sided, 8-sided. This unusual shape are acquired through the long process of lava crystallization.
The main hall of the cave of Fingal has a length of 75 meters, a width of 20 m and a height of 14 m. In Gaelic this cave called Ouham-Bin (Cave tunes). Named in honor of the epic hero Fingal (Finn McCool) Cave has received from the Scottish poet James Macpherson. According to Irish legend giant Fingal built a causeway connecting Scotland and Ireland.
In the cave of Fingal is a narrow trail, surrounded by magnificent basalt colonnade. The passage of the cave is so narrow that to get there by boat impossible.
The huge cave hall repeatedly repeats the sounds of the surf, and the whole cave is literally sings, justifying its ancient name Uamh-Binn - "Singing cave".
After in 1722 the naturalist Joseph Banks described Fingal's cave, it was visited by Queen Victoria, Sir Walter Scott, William Wordsworth, John Keats, Alfred Tennyson, and Jules Verne himself. In 1832, the artist Joseph Turner wrote the landscape, which captured the now famous cave.
When the composer Felix Mendelssohn (author of the famous Wedding March) in 1829 visited the cave, he was so impressed with the amazing game in its halls echo that it inspired him to create the overture called "The Hebrides or Fingal's Cave".
Fingal (the name can be translated as "White Wanderer") - one of the favorite characters of the Celtic epic. According to one legend he is going to fight with a formidable giant Benandonnerom, he built a huge bridge-dam, and lay down to rest before the battle. While he slept, a giant in search of the enemy himself came over the bridge to his house. But the wife of Fingal Unah deceived giant. She pointed to the sleeping Fingal, covered with a blanket, and said that it was his new-born son, and now is not the home of Fingal. Seeing the giant "baby," the giant experienced such horror that rushed to escape, destroying over a dam.
There are several versions of this legend, but every time she finishes a cowardly escape enemy Fingal and the destruction of the dam. Magnificent basalt columns, according to the legend - the remains of piles driven into the bottom of the Irish Sea Fingal.
Fingal's Cave - is not the only place, where there are such amazing basalt columns. About 40 000 of them related to each other to form columns of Giant's Causeway (which was also part of the dam, built Fingal) in County Antrim coastal strip located in the north-east of Ireland.
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