10 most poisonous animals on the planet
The great physical strength, powerful fangs and razor-sharp teeth - is not the only weapon used in the animal world. Thousands of animals used highly toxic poisons to attack or defend. I present to you the top 10 most venomous creatures in the world.
The main prize goes to our stamp jellyfish (Chironex fleckeri), which received this name because of its cubic form. Over the past 60 years, this handsome claimed about 6000 lives. Its venom is the most deadly in the world, toxins affect the heart, nervous system, and skin cells.
And, to make matters worse, all this is accompanied by a hellish pain that the victims included in a state of shock and either drown or die of heart failure.
If you just treat the wound with vinegar or acetic acid, the victim has a chance, but as a rule, the vinegar in the water to find;)
Jellyfish can be found in the marine waters of Asia and Australia.
2. King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah)
King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) is the longest venomous snake in the world, reaching 5 to 6 meters in length. Ophiophagus, literally translated as "snake-eater" as it eats other snakes. One single bite of this deadly snake can easily kill a human. It can even kill an adult Asian Elephant within 3 hours if the animal is bitten in a vulnerable area such as the trunk.
Among the representatives of snakes there are more poisonous than the King Cobra, but it is able to identify the poison is much more than others. For example, 5 times more than the Black Mamba.
The king cobra is widely distributed in the dense mountain forests of South and Southeast Asia.
3. Scorpio Leyurus kvinkestriatus
Contrary to popular belief, the majority of scorpions are relatively harmless to humans as stings have only local effects (pain, anemia, swelling). However, Leyrusy - a very dangerous form of scorpions, because its poison - a powerful cocktail of neurotoxins which causes an intense and unbearable pain, then fever, followed by coma, convulsions, paralysis and death.
Leyrusy common in North Africa and the Middle East.
4. Taipan or inland taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus)
A single Taipan bite contains enough venom to kill 100 human adults or an army of 250,000 mice. Its extremely neurotoxic venom - at least 200-400 times more poisonous than cobra venom usual. Just 45 minutes after the bite of an adult death can occur. But fortunately, there is an antidote, besides this snake is very timid and immediately crawls away at the slightest danger.
He lives in Australia.
5. dart frogs or poisonous frogs
If you ever manage to visit in the rainy forests of Central and South America, never touch the beautiful little frogs - they can be extremely toxic. For example, the size of Staphylococcus dart frogs - only 5 cm, and the poison it is enough to kill 10 adult humans.
In the old days, the local tribes used the poison of these frogs to lubricate the tips of their arrows.
6. The blue ringed octopus (Octopus Australian)
Blue ringed octopus is small, the size of a golf ball, but extremely poisonous creatures that live in the waters around Australia and a little to the north, in the direction of Japan. The blue-ringed octopus is usually lighter in color, with dark brown bands on its eight legs and body, with blue circles thrown on top of dark brown bands. When the octopus is disturbed or removed from the water, it gets dark, and the rings are shiny and make electric blue, and this color change gives the animal its name.
His poison strong enough to kill a person. In fact, the octopus carries enough venom to kill 26 adult humans within a couple of minutes, and there is no antidote. If you do not take action and do not start treatment, the person begins to feel numbness, difficulty of speech, vision, problems with breathing, then comes complete paralysis and death due to heart failure and lack of oxygen.
7. The Brazilian Wandering Spider (Phoneutria) or banana spider
This abomination hit the Guinness Book of Records in 2007 for the wine in the largest number of human deaths caused by spider bites. What is important, these spiders are dangerous not only to their poison, but also their behavior: they do not sit still and do not weave the web, they wander through the land, hiding in buildings, clothes, shoes, cars, anywhere; which significantly increases the risk of unexpected to meet them and be bitten.
8. Fish Bowl or Fugu
Fish-ball - the second most poisonous vertebrates on earth (first - golden dart frogs of claim 5). Meat of some subspecies, such as Fugu - a delicacy in Japan and Korea, but the problem is that the surface of the fish and some of its agencies - are highly poisonous. Fugu poison causes paralysis, which occurs as a result of suffocation and death from lack of oxygen.
Therefore, to prepare this fish in Japan is permitted only licensed cooks.
9. Marble Cone Snail
In appearance, marble cone snail looks beautiful and very nice, but it can be just as deadly as any other animal on this list. Drop her venom capable of killing 20 people. Symptoms of a bite: severe pain, swelling, numbness, in severe cases, paralysis and respiratory failure. There is no antidote.
However, all the time there are about 30 cases of human deaths from the poison of the snail, which is not very much and, compared with other members of our list.
Perhaps fish stone will never win a beauty contest, but it will definitely get the prize "The most poisonous fish." The venom causes such great pain that in search of salvation from suffering, victims wish to amputation of the affected places. It is believed that the bite-stone of strongest fish provokes pain known to man. Pain accompanied by shock, paralysis, and tissue death.
If you do not get an ambulance, the outcome can be fatal.
Fish-stone stores its toxins in gruesome spines, which are designed to protect against predators.
It is widely distributed in the tropical waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans, from the Red Sea to the Great Barrier Reef.