Fish black carp: description, habits, useful properties
What is Cupid? For many, this word should be written with a capital letter and designate the river. But the fish black carp gets its Russian name is not accidental. After all, it is familiar to us, because originally vodilas in this river. The scientific name of the species - Mylopharyngodon piceus. But the people call the Chinese roach fish. In Celestial Empire it is very common and is the subject of industrial fishing. There she was actively bred in ponds. In Russia, the fish is rare and is located on the dash of extinction. In this article we describe the black carp. Where the usual fish, what its habits, to which she pecks. There are in Russian waters and a close relative of black carp - white. What is the difference between species? You know, if you read this article until the end.
The scientific description of the type
Black carp - fish of the carp family, type lucheporyh. It is found in abundance in the rivers and lakes of China and the Far East. Habitat type extends to the South of China. Cupid is a big fish. his body reaches a meter in length, and weight - up to thirty kilograms. This freshwater fish, but she feels fine and slightly brackish environment, and therefore meets the mouth of the river. In black carp is one feature: with age the head, fins and even eye diameter decreases. The adult fish is a moderately elongated body covered with large scales. Chinese roach teeth has a special structure which does not tend to rest Karpov. Cupid easily breaks the shells of mollusks - they make up its main diet. Also, the Chinese roach likes to eat small marine organisms and insect larvae. And this fish is very gluttonous. The adult is capable of day to eat two kilograms of shellfish.
What is the difference from the grass carp black carp?
Even a child can answer this question. Well, of course, color. Faringodon (the common name for Cupid) combines the only two species: Ctenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) and Mylopharyngodon piceus (black). Fish and similar body structure, and habits. But it distinguishes them not only color. Grass carp is completely travoyaden. Therefore, it is often diluted with other carp, because this type of fish does not claim their prey. Grass carp for this property is acclimated in the 60-ies of the last century and in the European part of the USSR. Now it is found in the west of Russia, Ukraine, other European countries and in Kazakhstan. Black carp also became an inhabitant of the Volga, Dnieper and the rivers in the south of Siberia. Black carp, unlike white, has a very dark body and belly - lighter. His brother only has fins dark. The back and sides of his gold, and abdomen - a yellowish-gray or greenish.
The use of black carp
Chinese roach in her homeland are bred in ponds and drainage basins. It feeds mainly on mollusks black carp, and they are known to be the major peddlers of worms. Therefore it is held in ponds as a "reservoir medic." Another black carp valued for rapid growth. Although mature fish gets only seven or eight years, it reaches a length of two feet already in the fifth year of life. Chinese roach meat is very tasty and dietary. its energy value - only 88 kcal (for grass carp 134). Nekostistoe meat, tender and juicy. It contains polyunsaturated omega-6, sodium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and other valuable minerals, and vitamins A, Complex B, C and E.
The Chinese roach in the kitchen
Black carp began to grow in Europe, not only because of its quality, "cleaner waters." Its meat has a very wonderful taste. In China, black carp - a favorite dish. Its boiled, fried, baked, one word is subjected to all kinds of cooking. It little bones, the fish is easy to clean. But professional chefs argue that the Chinese roach is best to bake on the grill or in the oven. Also eat the liver of the fish. It is believed that it has medicinal properties.
Where is usual and that black carp catch
Chinese winter roach hammered into the bottom of the pit and covered with mucus, it becomes dormant. In spring the adults go to spills. They prefer reedy ponds. Great depth the fish are not looking, and stays around the coast, feeding on benthic molluscs. Mainly used for bait snails and river mussels. Best biting after spawning, and in August, in the afternoon. If you can use any plant food, its black sibling more picky eating to catch grass carp. And besides careful. For bait you can use barley and earthworm. All cupids - very strong fish, so you should stock up reliable gear. Bait fastened to hooks, starting from the sixth dimension. The nozzle should be the size of a pea to the magnitude of a walnut. The fisherman must have a strong fishing line with a lead of at least 0, 30 mm. It is best to use a ground fishing tackle, but you can also catch the usual, with a float. You should know that black carp - an endangered species. It is on the brink of destruction in the territory of Russia, but because of its fishing is prohibited.