Things to know about skin cancer
All around blossoms on the street is still a good time - until it is hot. But doctors warn, May - the month of symptoms of skin cancer. Now you're probably thinking about increasing their walks to get more vitamin D. But before heading to the park, think about whether you know enough about skin cancer, as well as to the suitability of your safety equipment for dangerous summer sun.
Tan - is not a good reaction to the sun
Though tanning seems favorable result of exposure to the sun, and it is much better than the burn, but it is still an indicator of the skin to UV damage. Some think that this is a way to protect the body against further burns, but UV-rays have made their way to the inner layer to cause a similar reaction, and hence the damage caused.
Those who are preparing for the holiday in the sun and feel tempted to prepare through the solarium, should be aware that the risk of developing basal cell carcinoma before reaching the age of 40 increased by 69%, if a person had the experience of tanning. Unfortunately, according to statistics you are much more likely to get skin cancer from tanning than lung cancer because of smoking.
Skin cancer - the most common form of the disease
Perhaps because of his obsession even tan, adopted in several cultures, as well as accumulate damage from the sun, this kind of a common cancer. Fortunately, not every type of deadly. There are three subspecies of skin cancer other than a layer in which it occurs: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma. The first two easily diagnosed, and treatable, but melanoma tends to grow quickly and to carry out irreversible changes.
Despite the fact that other types of cancer in developed countries reduce turnover, the number of cases of skin cancer, on the contrary, has increased steadily. The disease has become so widespread that there is a theory that every fifth resident of the United States sick with skin cancer in his 70 years. Of course, in this there are certain factors, but one of them is that the damage from the sun tend to accumulate.
It is necessary to apply sunscreen at all times, regardless of the degree of sunshine
Most of us use sunscreen only on the beach, although it would be logical to apply SPF every time you need to spend a lot of time in the sun. To ultraviolet rays for about 15 minutes is sufficient to cause serious damage. This is much less than you take a walk or working in the garden.
Another major misconception is that the protection is only needed during the hot sunny days. Remember that UV radiation does not decrease because of the cloud cover, and it's still a lot, even in winter.
Everyone is susceptible to skin cancer, and is not always the way you expect
Certain factors such as pigmentation and genetics, of course, are of primary importance to the likelihood of developing skin cancer, but no one can be completely sure of his protection. As for the location, skin cancer can occur in unexpected places. Yes, most of the displays can be seen in the upper part of the body, but the subungual region, eyes or feet are under threat. What to do
The good news is that anyone can do anything to reduce your risk of disease.
1. Protect themselves from UV
Sunscreen is probably the first thing that comes to mind when someone talks about UV protection, and this is where to start. Use tools with an SPF of at least 15 at any time when you are exposed to radiation - even before applying the gel manicure. This will help reduce the risk of squamous cell carcinoma of about 40%.
Though you should protect yourself from the sun on any given day, it makes sense to keep track of the local UV index. It will help you remember when to carefully treat their protection. Also, do not forget to cover your skin with clothing or special summer umbrella.
2. Test Yourself
a handy reminder "A-B-C-D-E" is valid in the US health care system for the identification of cancer on their own.
- A - Asymmetrical: we are talking about a round flat spot? If you drew a line down the middle, both sides in line?
- B - Border: the border flowing?
- C - Color: Is the color of the uniform? Whether it contains other spots?
- D - Diameter: mole or spot smaller than a pea-sized?
- E - Evolving: it remains in the body after a few weeks?
If the answer to any of these questions is no, then be sure to consult a dermatologist.
3. Do not forget regular inspections of
Do not be amiss to schedule an annual visit to a dermatologist, especially if you have one of the key risk factors - whether genetics or simply an extended presence on the street. In some cases, it takes a lot of years to symptoms of cancer have become a serious problem, but then the disease can develop very quickly. Regular check-ups will help to save your life - it's more than an hour of your time.