Karl Marx's birthplace
City Trier is called "Northern Rome". I would still slightly paraphrased line from guidebooks - "Rome of the North", as the "northern maaahonky piece of Rome." In fact, the oldest city in Germany and without analogies deserves to enjoy its beauty.
Trier (German Trier, Latin Augusta Treverorum..) - "Rome of the North", Germany's oldest city. Located in the west of Rhineland-Palatinate.
The first settlement here was founded by Emperor Augustus more than two thousand years ago and was called in August Treverorum. Soon after the colony has become an important trading center. Trier reaches its peak in the II century. Having survived the first attack Alemanni, Trier is gradually becoming a prosperous imperial residence, called the "Rome of the North". Conquest Trier Franks about the year 480 has become one of the evidences of the late Roman world empire.
When, in 843, there was a division of Charlemagne's empire, Trier became part Vostochnofrankskoy Empire. Shortly before this, Charlemagne appointed bishops by archbishops of Trier, in the future played a significant role in the life of the city. In the XIV century Archbishop Baldwin of Luxembourg, who was then Elector, greatly expanded the city, Trier and began to play an important role in the imperial policy of Germany. Over time, the city was founded by the University of Trier and created the Jesuit gymnasium.
Porta Nigra (Latin Porta Nigra -. "Black Gate") - the largest and most well-preserved ancient gates in the world, are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and are a symbol of Trier.
During the Roman Empire functioned as the city gates. These gates, height 29, 3 meters, were built in the year 180 without the use of cement. The bright square sandy stones up to 6 tons Romans sawn up to a millimeter bronze saws, which drives the mill wheel. They were then raised on wooden winch and joined with iron cramps, and then liquid tin attached to the wall. In the Middle Ages the stones were made holes to get metal braces and more time using them. Most of these holes can be seen even today: in the footsteps of rust on the rocks, you can determine the location of staples. Themselves as the gateway to the Middle Ages was not touched, because since 1028 the Porta Nigra in Trier lived Simeon, Greek hermit, a monk of the Egyptian monastery of St. Catherine. The door at his request has been immured. Shortly after his death in 1035, he was canonized, and in his honor the Porta Nigra was rebuilt in the Church of St. Simeon. The church existed until the French capture of Trier, and only in 1804, Napoleon gave the order to remove all the church extension, and thereby return to the original Roman version. Today, from the church outbuildings preserved only the eastern apse of the XII century.
When we arrived in the evening in Trier, it was overcast and a little rainy.
Waking up the next morning and looked out the window of the hotel, we saw a beautiful sunny landscape.
In Trier, we were on May 1, and in the courtyard of the Porta Nigra found a small rally, organized by the trade unions on the theme of "Good job - everything that we need."
The people sitting quietly at tables, sipping beer, wine each and listen to the speaker.
Inside the museum there is the Porta Nigra, which can be of much interest to take a look. For example, old clothes. Here I podzavisla and found that in women's fashion somehow almost not changed. See for yourself how modern look outfits. Very topical fiolet.
The prototype of fur vests, navyazshih on teeth last season.
Bride. I like it more to your taste, the city of tulle, which clothe in many of today's betrothed.
But the men's suit has undergone dramatic changes.
And this attention, cap, eaten by moths. And for some reason mol pinned on needles for clarity.
Then I was sucked into the window of a netsuke, their there were countless.
Go ahead. Hall with models of Trier.
Just on this path along the river, we did a morning jog (yes, this healthy habit we do not change practically never).
Go to the hall dedicated to the 2nd World War. To such an extent it was bombed city.
The Jewish prisoners.
Ain-zwei-policeman, of course, Ivan.
In the next room are provided for comparing the old and the modern thing. All cigarettes are considered "Russian Style"?
I felt like a dinosaur, but I think I remember such a gas station.
Go to the room devoted to Marxism-Leninism. Trier is remarkable in that it was born and studied at the University of Trier, Karl Marx. Jump and show the house-museum of the founder. We did not go inside, this dude to me personally plenty littered brains in school and student years of Soviet history lessons.
in each office hung just such Karl Marx, however, still bargain with Engels and Lenin.
And the next is even more wonderful exhibition.
Walking through the halls of the museum, we climbed to the top of the Porta Nigra, from where opens a beautiful view of the city (and this tradition we do not change).
View of the top trade union rally.
And in the underground parking, which is no problem dug directly beneath the historic landmark, which is under UNESCO protection.
And another piece of the socialist past. Our brothers were mulberries and zdesya.
After the Porta Nigra we went for a walk to the main attractions of the city - Cathedral of Trier St. Peter. Along the way vostorgnulis beautiful central square.
It was a Sunday, the people of the whole led an active life, and everywhere in the city we have met cyclists. Not just cyclists and sports and equip. Yet these pictures I'll call "That you've lived at their age."
The time was quite a morning, 11 hours, but some citizens noted some event from drinking at this hour of wine each.
Little Ones also socialized.
In general, take a sip of wine early in the morning - it is such a commonplace story of Trier.
Trier Cathedral of Saint Peter (German: Trierer Dom.) - Cathedral of Trier (Rhineland-Palatinate), is the seat of the Archbishop of Trier. Cathedral of Trier - the oldest cathedral in Germany, he was laid in 320-s at the command of Emperor Constantine and began construction under the leadership of the bishop of Trier Maximinus. In a pamphlet published by the bishops and clergy of the cathedral of Trier, it is reported that the holy Empress Helen "gave a part of his palace Bishop Agritiusu" under the church. Its dimensions (112, 5 m to 41 m) are still among the largest city churches. In 882 the Normans almost destroyed the building, but the cathedral was rebuilt in the Romanesque style, the building was fully completed by 1196.
Trier Cathedral is the repository of Christian relics. The altar of the Lord kept Heaton, in the crypt is a reliquary with the head of St. Helena, and in the sacristy are part of the chain, which was bound with the Apostle Paul, sandals and nail of St Andrew, as well as relics of the Holy Righteous Joachim and Anna. Also buried in the cathedral of some bishops of Trier.
On the left - a body. Incredible beauty, it is impossible to tear his eyes.
Nothing I want to say, but "our" priests with such persons I have not personally met.
Next to the cathedral a very nice area, where you can nice to sit on a bench and relax.
I could not resist and took a photo of this ideal of an elderly woman.
But the comrades on the backgrounds of - urgently take an example with cute ladies.
In addition to the pink chestnuts, I still passionately love sycamores and always enjoy them in Europe. By the way, why Russia does not have the plane trees? The climate does not allow? See how doing to branches of the plane trees form a single peak in the squares and parks: their kroniruyut and then branches of neighboring trees are intertwined.
Kurfürstliches palace located next to the Basilica, is considered one of the most beautiful palaces in the world, made in the Rococo style. Among many other elements, magnificent staircase in the place of the current location of the district administration offers the luxury and splendor of the life of the Electors and Archbishops. In 1615 the Elector Lothar von Metternich built north and east wings of the building; west and south wings of the building were built under Philip Christoph von Sauternes.
Finally, the building was completed by Carl Caspar von der Leyen. Beautiful southern wing of the building, which can be enjoyed from the territory of the palace garden, was commissioned by Archbishop Johann Philipp von Walderdorff in 1756 and designed by Johann beds. The sculptures were created by Ferdinand Taytts. Magnificent staircase, made in the Rococo style, was also created by sculptor bed and Taytts, worthy of special attention. From time to time in the Great Hall of the palace concerts, and in the inner palace - summer open-Eyry. Admiring the palace, we found a boy with a very sad face and a huge candle in his hand, which actively photographed parents.
The boy bursting specific Kislyak, although quite a brother sported and amused. Ie. A reason, as we understand, was not a funeral.
Sasha suggested that perhaps this is some sort of boys' initiation into something very important. But then on the other hand, we found and elegant girl with a candle in his hand and with a sour face.
Question to the studio - anyone know that these things happen?
In the park again met athletes cyclists.
Basilica of Constantine - Roman basilica in Trier, originally served as a hall for meetings. Built by Constantine the Great in the year 310 suspected as the throne room. Inside, the hall was decorated with marble statues housed in niches, plastered brickwork, the rooms are heated. In the Middle Ages, the Basilica was the residence of the archbishop. In the XVII century the hall was built in the Elector's castle. In 1856, the basilica was transferred to the Evangelical Church, and since there are services. During the Second World War the building was severely damaged in a fire and was later reconstructed. The interior 67 meters long, 27 wide and 33 2 in the height, wall thickness to 2 to 7 meters.
The only thing that did not make the slightest impression on me - Roman bridge. But it turns out this bridge, which today runs the highway - a great lesson to the builders. His support of reinforced concrete, covered with stone of volcanic origin, withstood even explosive charges laid down by the French army that invaded here in the XVII century.
If you were renovated pieces of rags, stained with paint, do not dispose of them, you may well be able to do here is the same work of art.
This photo does not pose any artistic value. It says only that even in a small Trier has a huge underground parking.
Work up of Trier to a pleasant hum in the feet, we moved on to our route. Ahead - a scenic route and Luxembourg.