Excursion to the gypsy camp
"Do not play about, and then give the gypsy!" - more than once I heard my mother so scared children. But who are Roma, and why they are all so afraid of? Do they really hypnotize people and lure money? Who is Baron and how he lives? For answers to these questions, I went to a gypsy camp.
One day I went out of town and noticed on the side of the road strange cardboard houses. After seeing the house on the map, I saw that it was a gypsy village. I was very surprised - would never have thought that it happens truly in Chelyabinsk. Since then, the idea to pay a visit there left me. And, by chance, we're on our way.
Both camp located on the outskirts of the city, on opposite sides. We choose the one in which, as it turned out, our driver has a friend. On the way, all the jokes, recalling the quote from the movie "Snatch", waiting, as we try to "Provisional Government" van and "dog in the load" ...
And here we are on the spot. I see before me a one-story house, knocked together from plywood boards. Houses are gray and dirty, there are only about 25-30. First we see the gypsy girl who chases the geese in the pen, I'm in a hurry to get the camera, but do not have time.
Our car stops suddenly, from all cracks there are children that are stuck to the car. It feels uneasy.
A boy in a red T-shirt just stepped out of "Prior" and holds the keys and cell phone.
Gypsies have the unusual ability - they suddenly appear out of nowhere and disappear just as suddenly. We were approached by a man and asked why we have called them. After explaining that we want to take pictures of life, we are given permission. What is interesting, it is not particularly important, because, as it turned out, the resolution of each of them gives their own, without asking the others, and the others may be against it.
I'm starting to take pictures, and a crowd of children around me. All shout: "Uncle, take a picture of me!", And climb into the frame. It begins just some horror ... Everybody was running after me, touching hands, trying to remove his glasses. Girl sits next to a puddle and begins to go to the toilet ...
Our driver Serge was here a few times and says that it is better to photograph them or pretend - still will not lag behind. I'm starting to shoot the children, and they do not settle down with each frame, but instead, screaming louder and ask to photograph them again. In this case, they are all the hustle and climb into the frame first.
The village consists of several impromptu street. It is home to about 30 families.
Soon appears the son of one of the influential men in the camp - Valera (in the blue shirt on the left) and informs us that in the camp of mourning and while we should not take pictures here, and come in a week. We knowingly hang the camera around your neck.
But he himself asks to photograph some of the children who do not calm ... I finally get confused and continued to shoot.
On the street slowly shrink adult men. All first look very sternly and asked about the purpose of our visit and seemed to forbid to shoot, but then they themselves pose and try to get into the scene.
A one Roma even beautiful villages and he asked him to capture.
And the most active boy who came out of the "Priory".
I'm gradually moving into the car, fearing for their pockets, my teammates, too, already sit. I calmed down only when he sat down in the back seat behind tinted windows and shut the door on the button. Now the children climb into the car, not allowing to close the door, and shouted: "Uncle, give me a lot of money!".
With the struggle we are closing the door to the car and touch it. I pray that the machine is not broken and we quickly left. Us still running some gypsy children ...
Of course, we are not satisfied with this result and decide to go in the second camp, which stands at the other end of town. Upon arrival, we see exactly the same houses. But if in the first encampment, we had at least some familiar, here we all know no one. Therefore, having arrived, we had a few minutes of sitting in the car, anticipating what is about to begin ...
But it all starts to develop several different scenario. First we noticed a woman, and has 30 seconds of one it turns in some children. Children who saw the camera, immediately asked to take pictures of them, but not as blatantly as in the first encampment, and has a much more civilized. Woman pulls her child, not wanting him to hit the shot.
But he (or she) is not particularly a hindrance. All have laughed, including my mother.
In this encampment everything is much calmer. Gypsy begin to tell us that they want to take the village, and all say the name Davydov. It is said that to him already people came with cameras and filming something. They communicate calmly and politely, even for a while it becomes interesting and enjoyable to talk to them. The difference with the first settlement striking.
Requests for permission to shoot us send to the baron, and we start looking for his house. Along the way, follow us everywhere and watched with interest is considered. But the children behave well, do not cry and do not run crowd.
House Baron was found immediately, try to distinguish between the home ...
And the house we were met by several adults, and strong men and begin what is called, asking "uncomfortable questions". Here it becomes uncomfortable. To perceive the reality of the brain do not allow stereotypes about Roma.
Somehow, explaining to them why we had come, we see the car drive up to the house. "And here is the Baron came out of the store!".
I just think that now will some healthy dark-haired man in a gold chain and a fur coat over his naked body, but to us at a very nice and friendly man named Yuri. At least, so he introduced us. I am talking about our shootings.
He invites us into the house. I feel terrible, from the back fits about a dozen men, and all strongly suggest to go in and "cup of tea". In the end, we agree to and follow the inside. My head is spinning the most terrible pictures. Passing a small entrance hall, we immediately find ourselves in the kitchen. We sit down at the table and the walls stand the man, Baron sits with us at the table. All the others are. Looking at all this, there is a stable association with a scene from the movie "Snatch". With us just talking a baron, but all the other men supplement his answers.
At the plate bustling woman - the wife of Baron. And soon on the table there are three cups on saucers, each of which is draining. My colleagues and I look at each other in bewilderment. But it soon becomes clear that this is a traditional preparation of tea. In the same circle put an ordinary tea bag and pour the boiling water.
In the upper left part of the frame, you can see how the walls are the very Roma.
We start a conversation with Yuri, and I explain that my goal - to show in his report Roma ordinary people. Show that Roma are the same people, like everyone else, and that the human is alien to them. The first question we ask is why some of the wedding.
- Traditional wedding, what is it?
- Children we zhenim in 12 years ...
We initially thought it was a joke, but Jura smiles and begins to explain.
- When he was 12 already - it's time to marry. His father talking with his father some girls and they agree to marry.
A boy and a girl even more, ask no one will. For them, everything is decided.
Why children marry so early? This is to ensure that the boy as a future man, from childhood accustomed to be responsible and understand that he has a family to feed and protect. The wedding lasts three days and is not much different from our traditional wedding with you.
While there is this conversation, on the table there is something what foods. I have absolutely grown bolder and forgetting, "that I was trying to poison", was eating a sandwich. And men, if completely relaxed, the cost of business, and one sits down with us at the table.
On the very day of our arrival in the camp visited Roma from Samara, who had come to visit for a few days. He, too, it seemed quite friendly and sociable. The house goes ragamuffin, chewing something, and "doggie" next to it.
I choose the moment and ask the question that most concerned me: "Why do not you live in an apartment, and build their homes" and get an answer, I'm in shock.
- It is impossible for women to be over the man. This is wrong and unacceptable.
It turns out that the Roma terrible crime, if a woman is on the second floor, above the man's head.
"She should know her place and always be lower", - tells us the Jura hand.
We touch upon the topic of the hierarchy, and it turns out that this also applies to food. At the same table with men, women there can not be - they eat after. But if a woman already old and wise, sometimes it allowed at the table, expressing respect. Moreover, the lower part of a woman's body is considered initially defiled. And the clothes worn by a woman from the waist down. Touch her man will never be.
Traditionally, a woman must be a long skirt to the floor. In men, traditional clothes - his cap. Talk about this, Yuri escapes into the room to look in the closet cap. For photos he puts it.
- She left me even from my grandfather. Shame on the man when he does not have such a hat, especially if you are the Baron, - tells Yuri. But today the tradition of fall, because we live in the modern world, and the hat is worn only on holidays already.
Baron, by the way, is chosen over the encampment. Its task is to control the order in the camp, settlement of disputes, control of money, etc. Baron -.. This is a local and 100% respected "President". It is important that in the camp was in order. In the first place to the other Roma from other cities, we could never say that something is bad in our camp. Every night, the gypsies gather at the "five-minute". Here camp discusses how one case, who than guilty, how are you doing at work and so on. D. Work, by the way, Chelyabinsk Roma with metal. Even they call themselves "metallolomschiki". Therefore, young men-Roma do not photographed - fear.
- But with the Russian are you friends? It happens that they come to the camp? - I ask, and I understand that I ask a stupid question. The very fact sit, drink a delicious tea and treat uncomplicated food.
- Of course, we often hosted Russian friends, and we will deal with the neighboring village.
- And there is marriage between Russian and Roma?
- No way! It is unacceptable!
With Yuri communicate very interesting. He tells us about the problem.
- The city administration does not want to give the paper confirming ownership of the land, so we can not build already normal, good home. Suddenly we kicked? Now I have negotiations with Davydov, and I hope that soon all we received, and we will be able to legally live on earth Sway.
It turns out that the Roma, who are sitting in the streets with their babies, as hateful real Roma, as we do with you. They are called "Luli". Luli - it's a shame the gypsy race. By the way, they are Orthodox. But there are Muslims, they are called "harohane". For Roma women, who at the station stripped people Jura refers too negatively. "It's just a rip-off!", - says Yuri.
The house becomes stuffy and hot with tea and we go out into the street.
In the hallway a cat with kittens.
On the other hand - doggie.
On the street the women boil water. Children are, by the way, all dirty and grimy. But it looks ridiculous. But all the well-fed and happy.
As long as we walk and take pictures in the camp come a taxi. At first I thought I had hallucinations, and then saw that it was gypsies arrived home.
One house is all looks well, and it even has a satellite dish, which is not combined with a general chaos in the village. By the way, in this encampment also about 30 homes, and 30-40 families.
And other houses look like this:
We talk with Yuri and by us is a woman. "Turn around!" She shouts. We are puzzled look at the Jura and with a smile he says:
- If a woman walking down the street and sees a man standing, it should tell them to turn away, so they do not look at her.
If it does not, the evening the woman asked her if she is not a shame that the other men were looking at her, but she did not say turn. If she said she did not feel ashamed, women beat her. Like, huh?
- like - I answer and say even jealous of something so the Roma traditions.
Back at the house, I am considering painting the kitchen. Here is a small, kitchen TV.
And in the room already you can watch a movie on the big screen.
The house has heating, and in the winter it's hot. You can not say, when you look at the house from the outside.
And our time is coming to an end, and you need to leave. Honestly, I did not even want today. From the terror that was the beginning, not a trace remained. No we are not poisoned and buried in the camp. And what's more, we left without even buying a van. And the little dog no, we "pushed".