100 years of Russian aviation
August 12, 1912 is considered the day of the Air Forces of Russia. In Soviet times they had no equal in the number of combat aircraft as an "air shield" was reliably cover "large fleet" of the Soviet Union.
In today's review of the 15 most notable domestic aircraft and helicopters, the famous "Ilya Muromets" to surprise the machine with a giant tank on the roof. According to Forbes magazine.
"Ilya Muromets" (1913)
The world's first passenger aircraft and the first Russian bomber.
Produced more than 80 copies.
"Ilya Muromets" (C-22) - is the common name of several series of solid wood four-engined biplane, produced in Russia at the Russian-Baltic wagon factory during the 1913-1918 biennium. It was developed under the direction of Igor Sikorsky.
Airplanes "Ilya Muromets" were the basis of bomber aircraft of the Russian Empire during the First World War and became one of its symbols.
At the dawn of history Airforce Aviation is the main function of intelligence. After the appearance of the famous "Ilya Muromets" Igor Sikorsky began to develop long-range aviation. The photo "Ilya Muromets" from the Central Russian Air Force Museum in Monino.
Po-2 (U-2, 1928)
One of the most popular aircraft in the world.
Produced: more than 33 000 copies.
U-2 - a typical biplane with engine capacity of 100 liters. from. It is widely used in agriculture, communications and other fields.
When the Great Patriotic War, the available options for the standard U-2 began to alter in the light night bombers. After the death of Polikarpov in 1944. The aircraft in honor of its creator renamed Po-2. It was built in series until 1953.
was created as a training aircraft for mass training of Soviet pilots during World War 2 On-famous thanks to fly it to women pilots. 23 lotchitsam, fought on the U-2 was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
Symbol of the pre-war Soviet aviation, the world's first high-speed nizkoplan with retractable landing gear.
Produced: 19 292 copies.
I-16 was the main fighter of the Soviet Air Force on the eve of and during the first period of the Great Patriotic War. The last aircraft were withdrawn from service in 1952, the Air Force of Spain, where the cars were supplied by the USSR during the civil war 1938-1939.
ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky" (1934)
The largest airplane of its time to land the chassis.
Produced by: 1 copy.
The largest Soviet plane 30s - ANT-20 "Maxim Gorky" had eight engines M-34P:
was used as a propaganda airplane crashed May 18, 1935 as a result of collision with aircraft maintenance.
The most massive military aircraft in aviation history.
Produced: 36,183 copies.
Attack aircraft that was used on all fronts of the Great Patriotic War. It is unique in that a reservation of the engine and the cockpit was part of the power circuit airframe. Besides the Soviet Union was in service another five Warsaw Pact countries, which operated until 1954.
In the Red Army aircraft was nicknamed "The Hump" (with the characteristic shape of the fuselage). Constructors called the plane they developed "flying tank."
The Yak-18 (1946)
Symbol mass Aviation of the USSR.
Produced: more than 4,800.
The Yak-18 was replaced as a training aircraft Po-2 and was the first aircraft almost all post-war Soviet pilots and recreational pilots engaged in flying club.
At the Yak-18 in July 1955 for the first time I got up on their own in the sky Yuri Gagarin.
An-2 "maize" (1947)
Before the advent of the AN-3 was the world's largest single-engine biplane in the history of aviation.
Produced 17 000 copies.
produced in the USSR and Poland (under license, was delivered to the USSR), is still produced in China (cost - about $ 75,000).
The first Soviet aircraft en masse to sell in foreign markets.
Produced 675 copies.
May 25, 1956 was accepted by the Council of Ministers on the establishment of passenger aircraft IL-18 with four turboprop engines.
The aircraft IL-18 because of its cost-effectiveness, the level of comfort and security caused interest in the global market, so many foreign companies have purchased these aircraft.
The aircraft was operated in addition to the USSR in the 17 foreign airlines, today remains in operation in four countries, excluding Russia. Monument IL-18 is set at the Sheremetyevo airport terminal.
The most common supersonic aircraft in the world.
Produced: 11 496 copies, except in China built under license.
Mig-21 is the first Soviet fighter jet of the second generation, which involves the use of missiles as the main arms and a speed of about 2 Maha. Soviet pilots for a distinctive appearance was nicknamed "balalaika".
are mass-produced in the USSR from 1959 to 1985, it was in service for more than 40 states are currently still in the Air Force 22 countries.
known one MiG-21, which is in private hands: the plane belongs to Reginald "Reggie" Finch - a former airline pilot American Airlines, which had previously served in the Royal Canadian Air Force. He acquired the aircraft in the late 1990s. and I spent 3 years to bring the aircraft in Flight state.
The most massive twin-engine helicopter in the world.
Produced: more than 12 000 copies.
Price: from $ 14.75 million to $ 17.5 million.
The first helicopter prototype took off July 9, 1961. Mi-8 was adopted by the Soviet Air Force in 1967 and proved itself so successful machine that Mi-8 procurement for the Russian Air Force is still going on.
used in more than 70 countries so far (in different versions) is in service with the Russian Air Force and is the most popular domestic military transport helicopter.
Since the beginning of the conflict in Chechnya, Russian forces lost at least 31 helicopters. Also, in the crash of the Mi-8 was killed Russian governor Alexander Lebed.
The world's first airliner to break the sound barrier of June 5, 1969 at an altitude of 11,000 meters.
Produced 16 copies.
The first flight of the Tu-144 took place on 31 December 1968, ie. E. Two months before the flight of the famous "Concord".
Next symbolic milestone in a Mach 2 aircraft overcame May 25, 1970, flying at an altitude of 16,300 m at a speed of 2150 km / h. This aircraft has joined together a huge number of advanced development and design solutions.
commercial exploitation on a single line Moscow - Alma-Ata was phased out in 1978 due to unprofitability: the cost of the flight on the Tu-144 is 1.5 times higher than the cost of flight at subsonic airliners.
The most massive Soviet jet passenger plane.
Produced: 932 copies.
The first flight was made October 3, 1968. Mass-produced from 1968 to 1998. Tu-154 operated by passenger airlines of the socialist camp and the many other countries that maintain friendly relations with the USSR.
To date, 30 ships make regular flights to Russia, individual copies are in use in other countries, including as government (Bulgaria, Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic).
BM-T "Atlas" (1981)
Unique aircraft designed to transport units to Baikonur space rocket complexes "Energiya-Buran".
Produced by: 3 copies.
For a specific look - inherent Bomber "lean" fuselage with a bulky container on the back - VM-T was named "flying barrel".
The cylindrical cargo above the fuselage VM-T - installed backwards oxygen tank rocket "Energy" in a special fairing.
the Ka-50 "Black Shark" (1982)
The world's first single-seat combat helicopter of the coaxial scheme.
Produced 15 copies.
No country, except Russia, does not apply to combined arms battles coaxial rotorcraft.
Despite the small number of cars standing on arms, it has become one of the symbols of modern Russian aircraft - thanks to its futuristic outline and even more so after the release of action movie "Black Shark", which gave the helicopter its unofficial name.
AN-225 "Dream" (1988)
The largest transport plane, regular flights in the world.
Produced by: 1 copy.
AN-225 is a turbofan shestimotorny vysokoplan swept wing and empennage two-keel. AN-225 is the heaviest airplane hoisting ever levitate.
"Dream" - record weight of transported cargo: Commercial - 247 tons, commercial Monocargo - 187.6 tons and an absolute record load capacity - 253.8 tonnes. In total, the plane - the owner of some 250 world records!
As VM-T, designed for the transport of space-rocket complex "Energia-Buran". Currently, one copy is in commercial operation.