Top 10 monuments of Ancient Egypt
Egyptian territory stretches from the Mediterranean and the Red Sea to the deserts of northeastern Africa. Known as one of the most attractive tourist destinations in the Middle East, Egypt - also gorgeous wonderland of history, nature and culture.
All major cities are decorated with picturesque banks of the Nile, including the capital Cairo, where you will find a unique blend of natural beauty, charm, culture and numerous modern amenities. However, what is really unique in Egypt, is its impressive historical legacy. We have a unique opportunity to look at well-preserved prehistoric architectural sites, monuments, ruins and other historical characters of past eras.
We offer you a list of 10 historical monuments that tell about the architecture of ancient Egypt more than any encyclopedia.
Step Pyramid of Djoser
The architecture of ancient Egypt is primarily associated with the pyramids. Let's start with a pyramid of Djoser. This is - one of the most distinctive monuments in the world, one of the oldest Egyptian pyramids. Established about 2650 BC. uh, this impressive architectural work of art - and the oldest structure in the world, which is built of stone. Step Pyramid extends to 62 meters above the ground, and is dedicated to the Pharaoh Djoser. The pyramid consists of 6 huge grounds with decreasing size in height. The six stone steps with a flat roof actually support yourself as an amazing symbol of eternal construction.
Temple of Hatshepsut
In the central part of the east of Egypt, you can see ancient Luxor, which is surrounded by the beautiful and picturesque valley of the River Nile. Besides high mountain and desert, a few kilometers west of Luxor is another important historical monument, referring to the architecture of ancient Egypt. This is the temple of Hatshepsut, one of the best views in Egypt. The impressive architectural style of ancient civilizations is dominated by dramatic vertical cliffs.
The Great Pyramids of Giza
The Great Pyramids of Giza - the most impressive and famous historical monuments in Egypt and around the world. They are located in the immediate vicinity of the capital Cairo, within the northern part of Egypt, where you can see three huge pyramids built thousands of years ago. Among them is the largest Egyptian pyramid (140 meters high) - the pyramid of Khufu.
Karnak Temple Egypt
In Luxor, you can see other historical sights. This Temple of Karnak, which are located on the east bank of the Nile and consists of many temples, statues and wonderful carved figures. Karnak complex includes four separate plots. Nearby you can see numerous sphinxes, which create the illusion of eternal animal environment.
Bent Pyramid at Dahshur is - a village about 40 kilometers south of Cairo. This pyramid impresses with its unique forms. The lower part of the pyramid (base) increases at an angle of approximately 54 degrees, while the upper section extends at an angle of 43 degrees. This creates a smooth transition breathtaking views, while the total height of the pyramid is more than 100 meters above the ground. Especially considering that the pyramid is limited only by the pale-yellow desert below and the clear blue sky above.
In the southern region of Egypt and on the west bank of Lake Nasser is another famous historical monument - the temples of Abu Simbel. These two temples were cut from the stone about 1260 BC. e, they are dedicated to Pharaoh Ramses II and Queen Nefertari. Ethnicity temples - a real masterpiece. Temple of Pharaoh Ramses II larger, is protected by four colossal statues. Its interior is even more impressive, while the Temple of Queen Nefertari facade consists of 6 huge statues. When you step inside, as if dipped into another world, which is filled with stone-carved figures, mythical statues, pillars and an extraterrestrial atmosphere.
Temples of Luxor
In the vicinity of the Temple of Karnak in Luxor is Luxor Temple. This huge complex consists of many temples, buildings and statues, while the central corridor - a place for inspiration and fascination. The road to the temple is guarded by numerous sphinxes. Night lighting of the temple like a futuristic accent, only reinforcing the ancient surroundings.
Red Pyramid Bent Pyramid is adjacent to the north. With a height of 104 meters above the ground, is the third largest Egyptian pyramid, and its distinguishing feature - a reddish tint.
Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Kings - a huge area on the west bank of the Nile, close to Luxor village where there are numerous tombs of Egyptian pharaohs period between the 16th and 11th century BC. e. Here is the tomb of Tutankhamun and seated colossi of Memnon. Numerous passages - the best place to make memorable photos.
The Great Sphinx of
The Great Sphinx is a majestic monument in front of the Giza pyramid complex. This giant sphinx - as the world's largest statue of the monolith, which is a hybrid of a lion and human, extends more than 70 meters in length. Its height is impressive - more than 20 meters above the ground. Great Sphinx was built around 2500 BC. e.