The most famous fictional people
There are many urban legends and jokes, which involves the use of pseudonyms and fictitious people. Some of them have gained a certain popularity, not really existing. One needs only to recall the anecdotal Lieutenant Kizhe of Russian history.
In any case, the mystery that surrounds the fictional character, only helped him even more famous. We tell you about the 10 most well-known personalities, which, as it turned out, never existed.
Rumors about the appearance of any country of the mysterious and extremely gifted athlete is not so rare. It seems that new talent will be able to change the future of the sport. One of these stories was the emergence of masala Bagolava, 16-year-old soccer prodigy from Moldova.
Soon soccer blogs and forums across Europe suddenly began to discuss the acute young striker, who has shone in their national team. Soon, the story became the property of the media around the world, hot news sold out so quickly that no one checked it. Player News published on Goal.com famous site in the beginning of January 2009 Times of London referred to the phenomenon as the best football player of Moldova. The newspaper also said that the young football player can go to the English "Arsenal". A new Messi appeared so many rumors that they eventually began to check. Football blogger Nick McDonnell conducted a study which proved the truth - Masala Bagolava do not exist! Virtually all of the media company has become the work of one Irishman who bothered to listen to the truth about football, constantly replicated media. So he created the first fake Wikipedia entry, and then a series of posts on blogs and forums. With Associated Press reports fake formed a cult of the young Moldavian, which never existed.
Today, looking at the many works of contemporary fine art, involuntarily comes to mind thought: "It would draw anyone." In 1964, the Swedish journalist Duck Axelsson decided to test this idea, having some tests. In his prank, which later became known hoax, he took a few pictures of a chimpanzee named Peter from the local zoo and arts began to spread across the country. The author of the samples of modern art has been named an unknown French artist Pierre Bresso. In order to bring to the test of professionals, artists, Axelsson chose the best of the pictures of chimps and sent them to a major exhibition in Gothenburg. Most of the critics appreciated the mysterious Mr Bresso as bold and new talent. One of the reviews stated that the artist "creates a ballerina delicacy." When the truth was revealed, and it turned out that the paintings belong to the monkey, none of the critics did not rush to take their words back. One critic, Ralph Underberg, who praised Bresso most of all, even after the disclosure of the secrets of the artist, insisted that the work of Peter were still the best in this exhibition. Of course, not everyone was thrilled by the antics of such journalists. One critic wrote in its report that only a monkey may be responsible for these paintings, hinting at Axelsson.
Film fans and critics often oppose the so-called "quote pad-whores" - observers who are willing to write a positive review for every film. Studios need only give them a hearty lunch or a glass of wine - that's ready to review! David Manning of the Ridgefield Press seemed to be one of the worst representatives of such companies. Around 2000, he was accompanied by laudatory reviews all such hateful films as "The Beast" ( "another winner!") And "Invisible" ( "tremendously!"). Manning undoubtedly would be considered a contender for the title of worst movie critic in America, it prevents one key detail - such a person does not exist. It turned out, David - the fruit of imagination of marketers "Sony", which was coined by them as a tool to create positive press for his partner, "Columbia Pictures". The deception was revealed of Newsweek magazine, when the editors tried to contact Ridgefield Press, a small weekly newspaper of the State of Connecticut. It turned out that there has never worked for anybody named David Manning. This incident opened the eyes of management "Sony" on the actions of their marketing division, the studio representative, claimed that all were horrified at such a draw. However, an innocent joke turned to big trouble - two moviegoers in California were able to sue the company 1, 5 million dollars, claiming that a ghost could critic gotten to entice them to watch bad movies.
Today, there are many famous people who, it seems, it does not do anything. Therefore there is nothing surprising in the fact that a celebrity can become a man, does not really exist. Once a journalist March Sherrill came up starlet Allegra Coleman. Hoax has been started a large-scale media. In 1996, in the magazine "Esquire" article appeared Sherrill, in which Coleman was declared following the Hollywood dream girl. On the cover of the magazine there was even a picture of the girl depicted a little-known model Ali Larter. The article contained a number of details about the life of aspiring actress, including her battle with the paparazzi photos of a naked girl with her boyfriend David Schwimmer. Sherrill wanted her art has become a model of satire on the magazines that are full of gossip from the stellar life. As a journalist was able to show how the Hollywood that even after the disclosure of a hoax agents still looking for Coleman, to attract to cooperation. As a result, the whole story was a good springboard for the career of Ali Larter.
Sports journalist George Plimpton became a legend, his most memorable prank was the creation of a fictional baseball player. April 1, 1985 in the Journal of Sports Illustrated came one of the greatest April Fools' hoaxes. The journalist said that there is a new baseball star - hitherto unknown pitcher Hayden Sid Finch. Plimpton reported that Finch for 28 years, and before that he studied at Harvard and spent some time in the Far East in search of inner peace. Finch had never played baseball, but was seen, due to its unique talents. He could throw the ball at a speed of 168 miles per hour, with high accuracy is achieved at 103 miles per hour. The article stated that at the moment are new mystery takes place in view the New York Mets. In his article Plimpton noted some oddities Finch. So, he wore shoes only on one leg, playing the French horn and is able to speak to the mysterious language of Zen. The article was not without photos of Sid Finch, who portrayed an unknown to the public high school teacher Joe Burton. The picture showed how the mysterious player communicates with another player on the team - Lenny Dykstra and listens to coach Mel Stotlemora Mets. However, the publication of the hero turned away from the lens. Although the article was hidden manner specified on the April Fool's joke, many simply do not understand the draw. The magazine received more than 2 thousands of letters with the request to tell more about the phenomenon. Immediately there was an article about the press conference Finch, where he announced the end to his sports career. A week later, the magazine was forced to print ads on progress journalist hoaxes.
This pope is one of the most famous in the history of the Church of Rome, but modern scholars have questioned the fact of its existence. It is believed that the Pope held his post only a few years in the area of 853-855 years BC. e. First information about it appeared in the writings of the 13th-century Dominican monk, Jean de Mailly, this polulegenda for centuries has been very popular in Europe. The story had a lot of options, but the most popular version is that John's father was indeed a pious and very bright woman, who claimed to be a man, and quickly made a career in the Catholic Church, eventually becoming Pope. Legend has it that her reign came to an end when one day, while riding on a horse, she became ill, and soon after she gave birth to a child. Then the story of history has a lot of options for continuing. It is said that a woman died in childbirth, while others say that the cause of death was natural causes, and mention that the angry mob killed John to learn the truth. Historians have found a lot of evidence that categorically deny the possibility of the existence of Pope John. Some argue that such a tale originated from the satirical story of Pope John XI. As a result, today, no one doubts that this legend has played an important role in the Middle Ages religion. Various religious leaders and popular writers like Boccaccio often referred to the story. Said about the statues erected in honor of St. John. The legend persisted for several centuries until in 1601 Pope Clement VIII officially it is not denied.
Internet almost immediately became a breeding ground for various raffles and the creation of virtual personalities. The most famous example was the lonelygirl15. This name is directly related to the video portal YouTube. One day in 2006, a 16-year-old girl Bree began to lead his video blog on this site. Video does not contain anything obscene - it was an online diary college student who talked about the boring life in his hometown. Lonelygirl15 quickly became popular with time it became the most visited channel on YouTube. However, some of the episodes over time have caused fans girls suspicions. In a variety of forums and sites started to discuss the reality of the captured video. It did not take long to prove that in reality there is no such woman, her role performed by 19-year-old aspiring Hollywood actress Jessica Rose. Account on YouTube, as well as the whole story, the media was created. Hoax was aimed to demonstrate the possibility of creating a TV show online, directly on the Internet. This story made lonelygirl15 a cultural phenomenon, stories of her life there for another two years. Over time, the story became a semi-fantastic, the true character of the Brie on the opinion of the fans disappeared from the show in 2007. Episodes about virtual girl eventually seen by more than 110 million people.
Comedian Andy Kaufman was famous for his unexpected draws its viewers by mixing acting and creating fictional characters. One of the most famous works of the artist became Tony Clifton, vulgar and often drunken singer, who served as a warm-up to the comedy show Kaufman. Clifton's voice was so terrible that the audience barely tolerate it. As a result, there was even a stereotype of the aging entertainer, who made the unfortunate singer. Clifton graciously spared, and it made the unlucky artist even popular. After it became known that Clifton is actually portrayed by Kaufman in a different costume and makeup, the humorist was denied the opportunity to speak with a different name on. The solution was found quickly - now Tony Clifton became a friend and brother Andy, Bob Zhmud. Now, entertainer and humorist was really different people, and that the administration is required. Clifton was invited to other show - An Evening with David Letterman, and on talk shows Dinah Shore, where there was a famous trick Tony. He was expelled from the studio after the live smashed an egg on the head of the lead! Clifton even invited as a special guest in the TV series "Taxi", but the film debut did not take place, too destructive personality was Tony. In 1984, Kaufman died, never fully did not reveal the truth about a fictional character to them. Even today, it is unclear how much time Clifton portrayed himself a comedian, and how much - his assistants. However, even after the death of Kaufman, some people tried to portray Clifton, thus only contributing to the illusion that Tony - a real character.
This director has quite a rich career in which they themselves were feature films and trailers to them, cartoons and music videos. Alan could be called one of the most prolific directors in Hollywood, if it were not for one thing - this man does not exist. In America, in 1968 there was a tradition - if the director does not want to, for whatever reasons, his name was in the credits, he asks to use an alias instead of your name Alan Smithee. For the first time the name appeared in the credits to the picture of Donald Siegel's "The Death of the arrow." The film was shot two directors, each of whom gave up the honor of being mentioned in the film. So it was decided to use a false name, which has since been used whenever a director feels that his work was to redraw the producers. In this case, the final product - not something that I wanted to shoot. Today in the database of movies Alan Smithee these acts immediately directed 73 films. These included failing Hellraiser: Bloodline, Solar Crisis, as well as television projects, including some episodes of The Cosby Show and MacGyver. Even mainstream directors such as Michael Mann and Paul Verhoeven took the opportunity to hide your name in the credits when they picture "Real" and "Showgirls" was significantly edited for TV version. Directors Guild of America officially banned to use the name of Alan Smithee in the late 90s after the release of the movie "Burn, Hollywood, Burn" which is exactly what was the name of the protagonist. Since then, the filmmakers prefer to choose other aliases, but are brave souls who continue to call themselves by that name. As a result, since 2000 the director Ghost "took off" another 18 films.
In our list includes a fairly well-known personality, but none of them had the same impact on world politics, religion as Prester John. It is believed that this king was led by a certain powerful Christian countries in Central Asia. This legend appeared in the 12th century, spreading over 400 years, from China to the Atlantic, thanks to Christian missionaries. Prester John and his kingdom was indeed a sensation in Europe, where in 1165 there appeared his letter. The king rule in India, and his ancestors was one of the legendary Magi. Europeans immediately accepted the new state as the light of civilization in places exotic and barbarians. Prester John seemed like a wise and kind man who ruled a rich country. During his reign were marked by such wonders as the eternal youth and the Garden of Eden. Although the evidence for the existence of the mysterious monarch was not enough, the legend of it lasted several centuries. Name one time John was associated with one of the warlords of Genghis Khan, this version appeared just after the fall of the Crusader territories in Palestine. As a result, only after the 1600s, scientists and travelers were able to prove that Prester John was just a myth. However, rumors of a mysterious king could affect many things - from religion and ending with world trade. For example, Christian missionaries have noticeably stepped up its activities in Asia and Africa, and the hope of finding a lost kingdom. This myth was pushing researchers as Magellan, to seek new lands that would be able to solve the mystery of the mythical ruler.