Metro Helsinki - sleep finite
Not so long ago, I wanted to visit the depot of the Moscow metro. Attempts to obtain official permission for a long time failed, and a positive result has been achieved soon. But who would have thought that a request in the press-service metro Helsinki I do not someone will answer, and the chief of his Tapio Holttya!
In the Moscow metro on a fax sent to the head of the name, I had once said was not the captain, and I used to think that way, perhaps it should be. And then suddenly this "gap pattern." Tapio I not only answered in fact the next day, but for us and opened another door marked "staff only."
Helsinki Metro is the most northerly in the world and the only one in Finland. It opened in 1982, but was built in 1962 and it began to design and even more so since 1955. The Helsinki Metro has only one line, the length of 22, 1 km. On the line 17 stations, most of which - land. The passenger will need 23 minutes to drive from end to end. The line goes from the city center from the station Ruoholahti in the north-east to the Itäkeskus station, where it is separated into two areas: one moves further north, to the end station Mellunmyaki, east of the second, to the station Vuosaari. Intervals between trains is 3-4 minutes on the sites after the fork - 8 minutes.
Some stations were opened later on the existing spans, is now scheduled to open a few more on the existing line.
By 2015, will open a new section of the line running from station Ruholahti west to the city of Espoo, length 13, 9 km, it is 8 underground stations.
Metro effectively complemented by ground transport systems and trains. Metro HKL refers to the transport company, which also belongs to a well-developed tram network. The HKL employs about 1,000 people of different professions. Annual turnover in 2012 amounted to about 140 million euros. Helsinki Metro carries about 58 million passengers a year. Cost of the ticket for one trip, lasting no more than 1 hour is 2, 70 euros, it has the same effect and in land transport. In Helsinki, the track width is the same as the subway and railways in Finland and Russia, and, accordingly, the same as in all the subways of the former USSR - 1524 mm. Here, just as we have, for power trains used contact rail disposed on one side of the tracks. Catenary voltage - 750 volts DC (in the Moscow metro - 825). The maximum speed is also almost like we have - 80 km / h (we have 90).
Train in the subway Helsinki two types M100 and M200. Older M100 Finnish production Valmet and Strömberg, which are used with the 80-ies (from opening). In 2004-2009, they were modernized. M200 produced in 2000-2001 in Germany, Bombardier and Alstom companies (the latter, incidentally, has significantly contributed to the creation of our new and subway trains and railway locomotives). New and old cars are not used in the same composition at the same time. In the coming years actively considering a move to automatic subway trains.
Console with the scheme gridiron. Who has not used - all in computers. However, the number plates on the circuit in my experience coincide with the numbers of cars seen in the depot on these routes.
However, the focus of managers on the monitor screens. Here, by the way, and video monitors: It can be seen, lovers illegal casts far gone.
On the top floor, in addition to the control room and offices rukovodtstva, is a museum!
It consists of a small amount until a photo-poster, but the main exhibit - the cabin of the first train of the Helsinki Metro.
On the part of the shop, it looks like. Funny solution. I do not know Finnish or Swedish, but it appears on the cockpit display reads "automatic driving"?
A view of the repair shop of the museum's cab. There service chassis cars. The workers are not very many.
In addition to the chassis in the shop repairing and bicycles. Amazing! Here, too, the workers move through the territory of bicycles and scooters.
Running gear - bogie wagons, prepared for service.
In the two motors on the truck, as well as at the Moscow subway cars.
On the trolley wheels and remove engines, washed and lubricate.
Previous wheelsets sharpened.
Our guide at the depot - Kalevi Kallon. Estonian origin, but he speaks perfect in Russian and showed us everything. This jack, which is raised when working with cars chassis.
Depot expand, the line will soon be extended to the west, and trains will be more.
In contrast to the depot of the Moscow Metro, where to supply train tension in the room using a cable with "rod", moving along the contact beam hanging from the ceiling, there is an ordinary conductor rail in tunnel (its protective cover of yellow color is visible in the bottom left frame). Set it in small patches along the way, the train is enough to touch him at least one current collector to drive (car collectors are like ours, on both sides of the trolley). If required to drive the wagon on a portion without contact rail or withdraw from it, catch another carriage, which pulls up a collector contact rail. Drive to ditch the car repair can also be "overrun".
The presence of the contact rail sections along the ditch repair can alert an inexperienced reader. However, to get an electric shock is necessary to try very much (as, indeed, in any subway tunnel, which uses the same current collector), it can be done only by touching it from the bottom.
The automatic Scharfenberg coupling, too, almost like our subway cars.
M200 model train. Newest currently in the Helsinki Metro.
Repair ditch at the depot. There service is undercar equipment and chassis.
At the entrance to the depot should wheelset.
I think now we will show Helsinki "Metro-2", but it was only a technical passage under the custody of ways.
Funeral old M100 model trains. By the way, the passengers in this time we have not been swept since traveled around the city by "blogermobile", had to be content pokatushkami in empty wagons within the depot
button to open the door.
The circuit lines. By the way, the English language in the Helsinki Metro is not particularly in vogue. All labels and most of the ads in Finnish and Swedish (both are official languages in Finland).
But the interior of the newer M200. The wagon consists of two sections connected by an accordion, type our Rusich. Salon, like wider.
M100 and M200 from ...
... and front.
One day suddenly offered to go to the sink in the cockpit.
So we went.
Car is detected. Maybe just an informant, to declare the station? I forgot to ask.
In front of the sink.
Automatic, like all car washes. Yes, can you imagine a car in Finland (and train) can be cleaned or only on an automatic car wash or brush their own. But this, to migrant workers in Moscow foam from a hose washed - not practiced. That's why we've been driven on dirty car at the beginning of the expedition - we just do not trust first got an automatic car wash and cleaning personnel searched. The train has become clean enough, but the car after such washing had to wipe - not all of the surface curves lend themselves to such a brush, so there is issued paper towels to wash.
After washing, stopped briefly in the tunnel in a small narrow platforms. Tunnel, as it turns out, is used to turn on the subway for him not to fall, leaving the subway, on the other hand, it is associated with the ground plot line. But this tunnel with a secret!
First, in addition to turnover, here check the brake system of trains, and secondly, this tunnel is the only branch of the Helsinki metro connecting with the railway. Well, even as I knew it was a test site, which was built in 1971 together with the depot. And we thought - "Metro-2". Check it out, by the way, what a beautiful tunnel - cave with rails, no tubing!
In the cab of the train of the Moscow Metro already had once rolled. Now also take a ride in a Helsinki
The remote operator. Soon there will abolish their will Automatic.