7 wildest rulers in history
Presenting your attention the seven monarchs who suffered serious mental disorders. It should be noted that the information has come down to us, it could be distorted by political intrigue, and about the folly of some rulers historians still do not have precise information, but contemporaries considered them really crazy.
Charles VI (1368 - 1422 years)
Ironically, the son and successor of the French king Charles V the Wise was diametrically opposed to the nickname - Charles VI inherited suffered from schizophrenia (in another version - the manic-depressive psychosis), for which he was nicknamed Mad.
The first signs of madness began to show he still in 1392, the year after the "fever accompanied by prolonged fever": King behaved aggressively during his illness, was annoyed at every rustle, and made "movements and gestures that are incompatible with his royal dignity." The next attack mysterious "fever" caught Charles in the forest near Le Mans - a fit, he stabbed a page of personal and some accompanying his knights.
Ball in flames
But the apparent mental disorder monarch was after the "Ball in flames", held in 1393, the year when the eyes of Karl VI nearly burned down several of its approximate, dress up in costumes of savages - after this terrible event the king a few days no one to himself did not admit, including his wife and children. In recent years he has spent in agonizing struggle with their attacks, makes it unmanageable and aggressive, but calm the raging monarch was on forces only daughter of the groom Odette de Champdivers.
Juan I (1479 - 1555)
Which only diagnoses attributed to any unfortunate Juan I, the Queen of the medieval state of Castile (now part of Spain) and chronic depression, and necrophilia, and agoraphobia, and many others. But, studying her biography, you know - the mad Juana made her tragic fate: as a child she was closed child prefers to play alone, away from the two sisters and a brother, but in the 17 years Juan for political reasons, was married to the Duke of Burgundy, Philip I of Castile .
By the 21 th year of Juana already had two children, she passionately loved and terribly jealous wife: Philip had many mistresses, the Queen knew about it and often arranged husband jealousy (once even hair cut one of his favorites).
To "protect" himself from tantrums, Philip began to avoid his wife, because of what she has increasingly occurred nervously seizures - Juan nights on end crying and beating against the walls. Aggravated the situation a series of mysterious deaths: first queen died Asturian Juan brother, then his mother Isabella of Castile, and then the husband, who became at that time the regent Juana, declared insane.
Unhappy Queen really madly in love wife also wore a heart of the third child, so the death of Philip finally brought her to mind: Juan did not depart from the dead a few days, not allowed to bury him, forbade the burial of the women present, and then ordered several times to open tomb to another look at the corrupt according lover.
3. Erik XIV (1533 - 1577 gg)
Eric XIV - King of Sweden, famous for brilliant education, exquisite artistry, political ambitions (he dreamed of strengthening Sweden at the expense of external and internal wars), as well as a serious mental disorder that led to schizophrenia.
One of the most obvious signs of the disease was the brutal murder of a family Sture from Uppsala committed by the king in 1567 - then Eric was suspended from the crown by his brothers, Johan and Carl, and along with his family was exiled in Turku Castle. Outwardly, it looks like a normal reservation, but in fact it was a real prison - iron bars on the windows, the supporting rail padding on the gates and doors and 63 armed guards.
However, the deposed monarch is not resigned to this fate and began to prepare a conspiracy with the Russian Tsar Ivan IV in. the hope that it will release the Terrible. This insidious plan was discovered, and in the last years of his life, Eric changed several places of confinement until he was poisoned by arsenic-laced on the orders of his brother in prison gruel.
George III (1738 - 1820)
The Life and King of England the reign of George III fell on troubled times: The French and American revolutions, the formation of the United States, as well as the ruthless Napoleonic Wars - perhaps it is the serious political events influenced his psyche, and possibly her disorder was caused by another serious disease - porphyria, that is an inherited disorder of pigment metabolism, often accompanied by nervous and mental breakdown.
Despite the relatively strong political and personal life (Georg had 15 children - nine boys and six girls), the monarch became blind in his old age, become almost insane and could not cope with the task of the state. In this regard, in 1811 the eldest son of King George IV, Prince of Wales became his legal guardian, and along with the ruler of the United Kingdom. George III died on 82 th year of life, without knowing that the revolutionary wars of Napoleon I came to an end.
Ludwig II (1845 - 1886)
June 9, 1886, the year of the decision of the medical council of King Ludwig II of Bavaria, Otto Friedrich Wilhelm declared incapacitated and removed from state control. Dear pundits headed by Bernhard von Gudden amounted to a medical report, according to which the king was subject to forced psychiatric treatment because of excessive extravagance, the inability to conduct political affairs and sexual orientation. Among historians, there is no consensus, whether Ludwig II is really ill, or was the victim of palace intrigue, but the "fairy king" is really built several expensive castles (eg Neuschwanstein, Linderhof, Herrenchiemsee) and spent crazy money from the state treasury for entertainment. In addition, he has never been married, although one "King-virgin" is still almost did not marry - he announced the engagement to Sophie of Bavaria, but in October canceled the premarital agreement in January 1867 year.
The death of the Bavarian king no less mysterious: the evening of July 13th, he went for a walk with Dr. Gudden, and at night their lifeless bodies were found on the shores of Lake Starnberg.
Otto I (1848 - 1916).
Otto I - the younger brother of Ludwig II, who ruled Bavaria for 27 consecutive years, but in fact because of "skorbnosti mind" at the helm of the regents were king. Otto from an early age was building a military career, then he went to the University, diligently studied various sciences, but in the end, because of "mental illness" was partially isolated from society and was under constant medical supervision.
It should be noted that in the early twentieth-century psychiatry as a science in its infancy, and to determine exactly what was the "mental illness" Otto was not possible, however, on the basis of the known symptoms are likely to he and brother suffered borderline personality disorder.
Bernhard von Gudden
I watched it the same doctor that Ludwig II, - the famous psychiatrist at the time Bernhard von Gudden, it has experienced the many therapeutic techniques. Balance Otto I had a life sufficiently - luxuriated in baths, abundant ate and smoked a cigarette. He died mad king of Bavaria at the age of 68 years.
Talal ibn Abdullah (1909 -. 1972)
Less than a year lasted the reign of King of Jordan Abdullah ibn Talal who abdicated because of his serious illness. At Talal was an excellent education - a diploma of the British military academy, but after his father's murder and the assassination of the son of his frequent bouts of schizophrenia - a mental disorder to a fundamental breach of thinking and perception, as well as inadequate affect, manifested in hallucinations, paranoid delusions and disorganized speech.
Of course, in this state, Abdullah could not run the country, due to which the government deprived him of his royal authority, as a legal successor of the regent and his son - Hussein. After his death in 1972, the body Talal ibn Abdullah was buried in a mausoleum Ragadan palace in Amman.