Europe before the storm 1936
before the 1936 storm
Technologically 1936 is like a boundary in the history of color photography. Newly invented multi-colored film: Kodachrome in the US and Agfacolor Neu in Germany, but they have not yet entered into wide use. A prolonged era autochromes already virtually completed in 1935. The third method (color separation) and remained the lot of individuals, despite the excellent results.
Therefore, good color photographs in 1936 to date is available in the public domain rather small.
With regard to the historical performance of 1936, it is quite an anxious time. In Europe, the mature seeds of a major war, Fascist Italy invaded Ethiopia, the Spanish pro-fascist forces raise a rebellion against a democratic government, heavily armed with Nazi Germany. However, the Western democracies closed as if all this eye: the Ethiopians and the Republicans in Spain refused help, can not hear strong protests about the violation of the Treaty of Versailles by the Germans. Although the criminal nature of the Nazi regime for many already obvious, nobody in the West does not boycott the Olympics in Germany.
XI Summer Olympics held in Berlin from 1 to August 16, 1936, Hitler opened them:
With 49 countries and 3961 athletes, these Games have set a new record for the number of participants. Star of the Olympics has become an African-American Jesse Owens, who won four gold medals. Meanwhile, the Germans are busy, how to determine the race, such as eye color:
On the occasion of the Olympic Games the Germans carried out a powerful propaganda campaign, a lot relieve Berlin on color film and photographic film.
In February 1937, a great article "Changing Berlin", illustrated with colored pictures of two authors * Hans Hildenbrand and Wilhelm Tobien) was published in the American National Geographic magazine, made in the previous Olympic year.
On the occasion of the games the city is decorated with the flags of different countries:
On most frames the usual, everyday life of a large European metropolis. But the abundance of banners with the swastika does not allow to forget about the era:
In one of Berlin's recreation areas 1936:
A mobile post office:
Templhof Airport near Berlin:
Model Shipbuilding School in Potsdam:
These pictures were taken on film Agfakolor but printing technology made them almost in rough coloring.
German gas station 1936:
The present quality of the color images in 1936 can be seen except in the works of the Dutchman Bernard Eilers, who used the color separation method (synchronous shooting on three plates through the filters). He took off across Europe, his photography in 1936 relate to the Netherlands and Belgium.
Celebration in honor of the royal family at the stadium in Amsterdam:
A typical view in Amsterdam in 1936 and in 2013:
Old Bruges in 1936, too, can hardly be distinguished from the present:
Much better signs of the times can be seen in the photo of the Dutch town of Hilversum:
This is the "time machine", you can immerse yourself in the atmosphere.
Another view of the same Hilversum:
While the shooting and synchronous, just three plates, exposure time is still too big for reportage shots:
Then go back pictures taken on the color film, or even Autochrome plate.
Neighborhood Gateways in Stockholm in 1936:
In France, in 1936 an unprecedented influx of holidaymakers: the Socialist government of Leon Blum pushed through a package of social laws and workers for the first time en masse went on holiday to the seaside.
Beach at Trouville, 1936:
On the beach in Deauville (Robert Moore / National Geographic Society / Corbis):
colored frames of the USSR in 1936 I do not know, and other areas of the Earth, so that the review this year turns out purely European.