How to make tissue paper in Samarkand
• How to make tissue paper in Samarkand
It's a factory for the production of tissue paper in Uzbekistan in Samarkand. Now I will show how the past few centuries to make paper. And why is it better than our usual white.
First, take the plant from which we use the skin. These are the branches. It grows in the vicinity of Samarkand, the local shop and bought tons of add up.
Treat them this thing, even in winter. In the autumn of clean skin, the winter will be cooking. Enough for the whole season.
Then you need to soak the stems to hide easily behind. Here is a device scoops up water from a river and splashing in a special channel.
Login to this channel:
Otmochennye branches arrive on the table for processing. The main thing - bark. Branches themselves further in the process do not participate.
Here is ready to bark:
It is very soft.
Now it is necessary to boil so that it becomes very soft and fine, raspolzayas of fibers.
These fibers need to pound in a mortar. Mortars are launched that same machine from the picture to the kata - watermill - when round timber presses the lever is raised and lowered by a pestle mortar.
The output is is such a substance such as a soft clay - but from the fibers:
Her cast into a vat of water and stirred until a slurry state. Then from the vat through a sieve scooped sheet. There he is:
and is put under the press.
If the sheet is a lot - they are paving the dry, to separate them:
Then the extruded sheets laid out to dry on a variety of surfaces. Usually that's such a stand, but in the middle of the season - generally everywhere.
For example, the trace of the sheet on the window.
Dry leaf gnarled and terrible. And fluffy like suede.
Therefore, it is necessary to polish a special thing.
The output is a need paper. Here it is (dark), and that's our standard next light. Standard Contrast, read it during the day is not as convenient (and no one has read in the evening, by candlelight - to spoil the eye). Term archival storage - 120-140 years versus 30-40 years for the plain paper. Plus Samarkand paper allows you to write a pen - no ink breaks through. In the ancient world it was a rarity.
That paper clothes:
And the book. This charter madrassas (university):
The fields are very large. This is done to ensure that the owner of the book could leave notes, in fact, complement the book. As circulation was not there, it took more than a concrete practical sense.