How do tuba - containers for toothpaste
On the Internet you can find almost all the information about a particular industry, to learn almost anything. But in the sphere of production reporting lot of white spots, which I personally would like to eliminate.
One such topic was suddenly producing tubes for creams and toothpastes. Why all of a sudden? Probably because they do not even thought about the fact that there is such a production as long as I did not offer to remove this report in response to my questions about how to make toothpaste
Today report from the factory "Freedom". We learn about how to do something that everyone has a home - containers for toothpastes, creams for children and not only.
It all starts with that big iron box in which there are here are aluminum tablets.
From this bin, which contains blanks for future tubes, they are deposited on the very first portion - press.
Here, the high-pressure aluminum tablets stretched almost finished tube. Everything happens very quickly, the press, we can say from knocks roundels tube. Here, noisy, even the floor is shaking under our feet.
Tuba comes with a neck on which there are thread - amazing filigree work for the press, which makes this the workpiece in a split second. It also cut off the excess from the tube, so that they all have the same standard length - in the background you can see a box of scraps.
Tuba continues its journey on.
Here is a blank at this stage.
A certain number of tubes lay in boxes, then to report back on the line, if necessary.
I look at the tuba, tuba look at me.
From the muddy metal tablets obtained such a brilliant thing.
A little distracted, but we will continue the tour. Next tubes come here. This annealing furnace in which blanks are subjected to a high temperature. This is done so that the metal is softer and the tube could easily crush in his hands, squeeze out the contents.
That is interesting, it does not change the thickness of the tube wall. As I explained, this process only changes the structure of aluminum.
After annealing, the tubes received here. Their inner part is covered with a special varnish.
After the inside of the tube coated with varnish, they come down the tape once hell - the oven where the paint is polymerized.
As you can imagine this is done to ensure that the contents of the tubes are not oxidized and is fit during the entire life of the product. Lac, which is converted to polymer absolutely neutral in all respects. As I said, these tubes under the characteristics much better analogues of the laminate, because they are more likely to retain the contents with natural ingredients - at squeezing the air content does not get inside, so - no oxidation.
After polymerization, the inside of the tubes come here in this store, where there may be multiple hundreds of pieces. This is to ensure that in the case of stopping one of the line (which is stamped tube), the other part of the line is not idle.
In the next step the surface of the tubes is covered with white enamel
Tubes again, for the third time fall into the furnace, where the enamel is dried.
After this white blank falls into the machine that prints on the surface of the tube a certain pattern. In this case, baby cream. The worker, who monitors the process, before the eyes of lies is such a piece of paper with the drawing pattern.
Everything is happening very quickly. Despite the fact that the tube is made pretty much automated process well enough to do everything quickly and efficiently.
barely keep up with the speed to catch the right frame.
for the production of Tube line was purchased in the early 90s, and is functioning quite well to this day. The automatic machine is capable of applying a pattern of five colors. This occurs as follows: with particular shafts stencil dipped into the paint tray and pace brake is applied on a certain part of the picture tube. Further, the shaft with another stencil and color does the same thing, and so five times.
I found when on line rolls changed with the stencil.
Now, on the other line shafts are set to print a drawing for tubes with other products.
Before that, all good clean and grease.
Well, a painted tube fired once, the last time, to secure the put drawing.
The last operation - bolting to the blank cover.
Also all automatic, very quickly.
Well, quite a bit of time has passed, and the tube is ready to ensure that its necessary to fill in the farm product.
And in the end all the tubes are rolled at the last stage in this production - packaging in boxes.
But that's not all! Factory worker packs up the workpiece from one box to another, I understand that in a way it was easier to use the tubes for further production process.
Here in the shop is worth one more line for the production of tubes. She is older than the previous one, to her more than forty years, but it is working properly. The principle of the manufacture of tubes on the line is not different from what you see above, the only difference is that the rate is less than the line and color pattern that can be applied to the tube is composed of only three colors.
Many sites here, as we see the open, in contrast to the new line.
The drive looks different. And in general, this line of Soviet-made, and that - the German, unites them is that both are quite effective. By the way, the volume of production at the factory so that these lines have to work around the clock, and nothing cope.
Pay attention to the diameter of the tubes - these wider.
Well, like aluminum tubami all clear, proceed to the workshop, where they make the familiar to us laminated tubes.
These devices do Bouchon. You ask what is it? Yes, I too was surprised when he heard this word from the master, who told me about the production.
And this is only the cap on the tube. The term "Bouchon" (bouchon -. Cork, France) has come from the French language as well as many terms borrowed into Russian.
The device pushes hot plastic into the mold: half a minute, and you're done. Bouchon speed extrusion from the mold - 48 pcs / min.. (In-mold - 24 sockets, cycle rate - 20-25 seconds
Scenic waste goes back to the process of making caps, turns virtually waste-free production.
Plastic for Bouchon, by the way - domestic.
These are the very mold.
There is a new generation, where plastic is injected into a separate cell, and manages completely without waste.
And here is the machine that makes the tube laminate. art equipment, takes up very little space, but the process of making the tubes is not as interesting and exciting as opposed to the previous one.
That's the tape is threaded into the machine. You press a button and you're done!
Among other things, the production of the factory complies with international quality standards ISO9001. Where you place the orders, many large manufacturers, including foreign ones, for example, Procter & Gamble, for which made notorious toothpaste (pictured below). Until the end of 2013 commissioned by Procter & Gamble factory producing laminated tubes, is currently being negotiated for the production of aluminum tubes for them.
At the same time fueled here with two rolls of laminate tubes for blanks, so that if one end, once it was possible to switch to the second.
As I said, this laminate is not doing at the factory, he bought in China, it's easier.
However, the laminate from which the tube is also not as simple as it seems. In fact, it consists of 5 layers to packaging was of sufficient quality to be stored for a desired period of a certain product. Try to dissect the package from their toothpaste and tell me what you got
Next, I will not comment, because you will find a video where everything is quite clearly shown.
Well, at the end of the tube folded in a box manually.
Laminant production provide three machines.
you can see how all this is happening on this small video.
The factory is better known other proprietary products (here also produce soap, cosmetics and toothpaste). I remember that my kids had the toothpaste.
The well-known children's cream.
Oh, and for the adults something.
All products tubnogo production is checked immediately in the laboratory, for leaks, compliance with sanitary norms.
Every day is a sample package (you can see it including bottles), which is carefully checked.
In general, you can see for yourself what is on the shelves.
This unit is checked for leaks tubes. The product is fixed in the vehicle, the closed part is immersed in water in another part of the injected compressed air.
Well, like it, now you know how the tube produced.