Tour of the Museum of Byzantine mosaics unique
• Tour of the Museum of Byzantine mosaics unique
Mosaic Museum, which will be discussed below, is actually a part of the peristyle of a large imperial palace in Constantinople, which was discovered in the 30s of the last century and literally raised from the ashes outright burnt buildings market and the former stables of the Ottoman army, which were located on the site once magnificent Imperial Palace.
As is often the case in Istanbul, Byzantine mosaics unique V-VI centuries were discovered by chance during the construction works in the area of the bazaar Arasta in 1933.
Excavations are opened and removed from the ground about 2 thousand square meters priceless mosaics performed with great skill of lime, terracotta and glass 5mm cubes whose number per 1 sq. m. is 40 (!!!) million.
All these wonderful mosaic mosaics are in the Museum, which is located near the very Arasta Bazaar.
To find it, you need to get around the Blue Mosque from the back side and down the Üçler Sokak-Tavukhane Sokak street to the Arasta Bazaar, log on to the market itself, and about the middle of the right side of the gap will be shopping malls and to the right path. Here is the entrance to the museum of mosaics excavated.
The museum is open from 9 to 16 on all days except Monday. Admission is 8 YTL.
Once at the site of the abandoned ashes of burned buildings outright market and the former stables of the Ottoman army builders stumbled upon an unusual pattern on the stone, the researchers from the University of St Andrews (England) carried out extensive archaeological surveys. As a result, a huge structure was discovered, an area more than four thousand square meters, later identified as the peristyle large imperial palace in Constantinople. In addition, there is the remains of columns adapted to the Corinthian were found. The peristyle, apparently, was rebuilt during the reign of Justinian (527-565 BC. E.). But the main archaeological finds, it is, of course, miraculously preserved mosaics that once decorated the floor of this majestic building. Untouched by time, the mosaics were found on an area of two thousand square meters.
The museum is located directly on the site of the excavations of the most - it is there, where were found mosaics and the peristyle of the palace was located.
For the first time the museum exposition was opened in 1953.
Unfortunately, the first museum building was wooden. Changes in temperature and humidity caused the mosaics more damage than in all previous years. In 1987 he was commissioned a new, capital of the museum building. And in 2012 it was renovated and improved HVAC system.
Today, thousands of tourists can see the unique Byzantine mosaics. A look at what is !!!
Grand Imperial Palace served not only home to the ruling family, but also the center of the state government, for civil and religious ceremonies. In fact, it was a huge and luxurious complex - seven palaces, the official residence of the Emperor and Empress, office space, many churches and chapels located among the lush gardens and parks ...
But time has done its work. Official residence moved in the Blachernae palace, and this complex gradually fell into disrepair, aided as earthquakes and fires ...
And disappeared large imperial palace, buried under the ground for many centuries the incredible beauty and complexity of the puzzle ...
Today, the mosaic museum in Istanbul are a variety of fragments found "floors" - from small, measuring about one square meter, up to huge, with the parties, estimated at six meters. All in all, the museum has about ninety mosaic of genres that describe the everyday life of Byzantium: mythical creatures, exotic animals, hunting scenes, the fight between animals, scenes of everyday life, children's games, etc...
The mosaics are made with the greatest art of limestone, terracotta and glass 5mm cubes whose number per 1 sq. m. up to 40 thousand.
This is an incredible complexity and impressive on the final results of the work
It should be noted the high realism of the image genre scenes, which have been achieved thanks to the extraordinary talent and skill of the ancient decorators.
Of course, many mosaic slabs are damaged or lost areas, and some of them even badly damaged ...
But there is practically untouched by time and external influences huge 6-meter stone panels
It is amazing how many different paths and directions. In the figures hardly find significant areas where the image would have to spread in the same plane - a circle are replaced by straight lines, and those, in turn, circle segments, diverging in different directions roses and rounded.
On the different mosaics of different styles can be seen depositing and used materials - glass, colored pottery, terracotta
Striking detail !!! And the use of different sizes of blocks to give the most realistic drawing
should also be said about the mosaic technique.
Typically, a mosaic laid on a drainage layer of ceramic bat, to half the thickness. Interestingly, the insulation layer under the floor detected peristyle consisted of enormous numbers of broken clay amphora, in which ancient Constantinople everywhere brought wine and oil.
After the backfill soil drainage, consisting of a mixture of sand, clay, charcoal, made thorough compaction. Then poured into a rectangular form cement solution which were laid blocks of marble, glass, clay, terracotta different colors.
And, as mentioned above, one square meter of such a mosaic took 40 thousand multi-colored cubes.
In the images we see not only the domestic scene, but also mythical
Children playing with a puppy
Hunter playing with the dog
particularly impressive scenes can be seen on huge plates located in the lower part of the museum, directly on the surface of the earth
Some plates with mosaics (as a rule, not very large) are fixed on the walls of the first and second tiers
A lot of hunting scenes
And ordinary life of ordinary people
A little more detail some of the images