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Informative story of the underwater archaeologist Victor Lyagushkin on how to conduct investigations of shipwrecks and that can be found.
90% of the work is the study of underwater archaeological archives. It was there from time to time to retrieve data about the movements of the ships and to determine the place where the ship sank. After that archaeologists scan the seabed sonar to detect the object. Often they do not find anything or run into another ship.
One of the ships on which archeologists go out to sea.
After the ship is found, the fun begins. The team of divers dives and tries to identify the vessel. Make it easy, especially in salty waters, where a lot of worm-wood borers. In this case, the ship was identified almost immediately - sailing screw frigate "Oleg", sunk in 1859. So easy to determine what kind of ship - a great success.
Helm of the ship double, he duplicated under the bridge. It twisted 4 sailor.
The anchor spire. It was wound manually anchor rope.
The majority of the ships break apart and looks something like this.
Or like this: from the fall off the sides of the board and deadeye.
Work at the site begins with the fact that it should measure, photograph and try to identify the characteristic dimensions, superstructure, arms and so on. D.
Movies with markup.
Marking beams to measure the side.
Often the ship is the subject on which it can be identified. For example, the bow gun schooner "Louise", sunken in 1836.
Or three-funt cannon barge "Tobias", which sank in 1740
Flitches transport "America", sunk in 1859
Pottery, hallmarks by which we can determine the year of its creation.
Bottles with some content or without it, too, can tell the date of its production.
If the surface does not lie, it is necessary to dig.
An archaeologist found shtaf-deadeye transport "America."
All mandatory sketched and photographed.
They draw on plastic plates pencils. Before something to touch, all photographed to fix that and how to lay.
The main danger in these works - the ability to get lost in the open sea ...
... or get lost in the network. Archaeologists working team to quickly come to the aid of each other.
The Baltic Sea is very difficult for shipping, so the ships sank here permanently. Almost everywhere Dive, you will find the remains of ships.
And if you swim in shallow water with a mine detector, be sure to find something since the Second World War.
The anti-aircraft gun.
In the hold of the ship of the 18th century found three barrels of lard 1724 release!
And a barrel of grain, which is practically not affected. All the findings are sent for examination.
Unidentified Swedish ship, who died during the Battle of Vyborg near Birch Island. On board chetyrehfuntovaya gun and sailor bones about it - apparently, he has not resigned.
One of the interesting findings - dinner service of the captain's cabin of the frigate "Oleg". The bottles were left salt, pepper and vinegar.
Tubes Dutch sailors.
A collection of bottles. They are typical for their time and are very important for identification.
his sword from the battleship "Gargut".
One of the world's first hand wheels (16th century).