Psychological facts about you that you do not know
• Psychological facts about you that you do not know
The human psyche is one of the biggest mysteries in the world. Although researchers have learned a lot of interesting facts about the psychological characteristics of a person and can even predict our behavior, much remains unknown.
Do you know how wrong your memories, how long your habits are formed, or the number of friends that you can buy? Under the cut these and other psychological facts that will help you learn more about yourself.
You remake their memories.
We take our memories as a little "movies" that we lose in our mind and we believe that they are stored in the same way as a video in our computer. However, it is not.
Every time you think back to some event, you change it, because neural pathways are activated differently each time. It can also affect later events, and the desire to fill the gaps in memory. So, for example, you do not remember who else was at the meeting of relatives, but because your aunt is usually present, you can eventually turn it into your remembrance.
You can not help but pay attention to the food, sex and danger.
Have you ever noticed that people always stop to look at the accident scene. In fact, we can not ignore the danger of the situation. Every person has the oldest structure of the brain, which is responsible for the survival and asks, "Can I eat it? Is it possible to do this sex? Could this kill me? "
You can save only 3-4 elements simultaneously.
There is a rule of "7 plus or minus 2", according to which a person can not be stored in the memory of more than 5-9 pieces of information at once. Much of the information in short-term memory is stored for 20-30 seconds, after which we quickly forget it, but if you do not repeat again and again. Recent studies have shown that we are able to store much less: about 3-4 pieces of information at once. Although we try to group the data we receive, our short-term memory still remains quite limited.
For example, a phone number is divided into several groups of numbers, so that we can remember it easier.
We badly perceive the combination of red and blue.
Although these colors are used in many of the national flag, red and blue hard perceived by our sight when they are next to each other.
This is due to an effect called "hromostereopsis" that is, one suppresses the other colors. This causes irritation and eye fatigue. Most of all, this effect is a combination of red and blue as well as red and green.
We are committed to dreams of 30 percent of the time.
Love in the clouds? According to psychologists, we all like to indulge in dreams, at least 30 percent of the time. Some of us even more, but it's not always a bad thing. The researchers argue that people who love to dream, tend to be more creative and better solve various problems.
You see things differently than they are perceived by the senses.
According to the study, University of Cambridge, "nezhavno in kaokm podyakre rpasoloezhny bkuvy in slvoe. Smaoe vaonzhe is chotby pearvya and ponesdyalya bkuva blyi on svioh Mets. "
Even if the letters are a little mixed up, you will be able to read a sentence. This is because the human mind does not read every letter and word in general. He is constantly processing information, which is received from the senses and how you perceive information (words) are usually different from what you see (matted letters).
The habits formed over 66 days.
Scientists studying how long certain actions turning into habits, found that on average, it takes about 66 days.
The more complex the behavior that we want to buy, the longer the time we need. So, for those who wish to acquire the habit of doing exercise, usually required in the 1, 5 times more time so that it becomes automatic, than those who have the habit, for example, have fruit for lunch. Even if you miss a day, go two, it will not affect the time of acquisition of the habit, but missed too many consecutive days can slow down the process.
You are able to hold the attention for about 10 minutes.
Even if you are in the audience, where the theme is interesting and its people well presents to you, the maximum attention, you are able to maintain it for 7-10 minutes. After that, your account will begin to weaken, and you need to take a break in order to effectively absorb the material.
The ability to postpone enjoyment is formed in childhood.
Your ability to delay immediate gratification of their desires occurs in early childhood. People who from an early age could procrastinate enjoyment, better in school and better able to cope with stress.
The number of friends that you can have is limited.
Even if you can boast of a few thousand friends in social networks, in fact they have a lot less. Psychologists and anthropologists have identified "Dunbar number" - the maximum number of close relationships that a person can have. This value ranges from 50 to 150.
You overestimate your reactions to future events.
We are not very well predict the future. To be precise, we overestimate our responses to future events, whether they are pleasant or negative. Studies have shown that people believe that positive events, such as marriage or a big win will make them much happier than it actually happened. Similarly, we believe that negative events, such as job loss or accident, cause we have much more depressed than in reality.
Do you know how to do things that have never done before.
Imagine that you have never seen the iPad, but you gave him and asked him to check on the book. Even before you turn the iPad and begin to use it in your head already is a model of how to read with the help of books. You will have suggestions on how the book will look like on the screen, what functions you can use, and how you do it.
Our mental models are based on incomplete facts, past experience, and even intuitive representation.
You blame the other person, not the situation (and the situation, rather than himself).
Remember the times when you're waiting for the other person, who was late for a meeting. Most likely, you have explained its delay irresponsibility and nesobrannosti. In the same situation, my tardiness you blamed on external circumstances (traffic jams).
In psychology, this is called the "fundamental attribution error" - a tendency to explain the behavior of other people's personality characteristics and their behavior - external conditions. Unfortunately, even being aware of our tendency to make unfair judgments, we will still continue to make this fundamental mistake.
You want more choices than you can overpower.
If you go into any supermarket, you will find a huge range of products, and all because people need a great choice.
In one study conducted in the supermarket, researchers presented participants of 6 kinds of jam, and then 24 kinds of jams. Although people often stopped at the counter with 24 kinds of jam, they are 6 times more likely to buy jam on the counter with 6 kinds of jam.
The explanation is simple: despite the fact that it seems to us, if we want more, our brain can handle only a limited number of items at a time.
You are happier when busy with something.
Imagine that you are at the airport and you need to pick up the luggage. In this case, you need about 12 minutes to get to the baggage claim. When you get to the baggage claim belt, you will immediately take away his suitcase. How eager are you feeling?
Now try to imagine a similar situation, but once you get to the tape issue for 2 minutes and wait for their luggage 10 minutes. Although in both situations receive baggage took you 12 minutes in the second case, you probably have been more impatient and unhappy.
If a person has no reason to be active, he decides to do nothing. And although it helps us save energy, laziness makes us feel less satisfied with life.
Most of the decisions you make unconsciously.
Although we like to think that all of our solutions are closely monitored and thought, research suggests that daily decisions are actually subconscious, and it is the cause.
Every second, our brains are attacking more than 11 million pieces of data, and since we can not have it all carefully analyze all of this terribly hard work takes on the subconscious.
You can not perform multiple tasks at once.
If you think you can well perform several tasks at once, you're wrong. Scientists have proven that we can do just 2-3 things at once. Of course, we can go and at the same time to talk with your friend, but your brain is focused on only one priority activity at a particular time.
are your most vivid memories are wrong.
Memories of exciting and dramatic events in psychology called "flash memory", and they turned out to be full of errors. Well-known examples of this phenomenon are the events related to the 11 September. Psychologists asked participants to describe in detail what they were doing, where they were and other details associated with this event, immediately after the attack, and after 3 years. It turned out that 90 percent of the more recent descriptions differ from the original. Many people can describe in detail where and what they were doing at the moment when they heard the news. The problem is only in the fact that these details are incorrect, as the strong emotions associated with memory, distorted memories.
Your brain is also active during sleep as when awake.
When you are asleep and dreaming, your brain processes and integrates the experience of the whole of the day, it creates associations of the information received, decide what to remember and what to forget. Surely you have often heard the advice "sleep well" before an exam or important event. If you want to remember that learned, it is best to go to bed after you have studied the material and before it will try to remember it.