10 cities most at risk from natural disasters
One of rating insurance companies Swiss Re, has analyzed the number of accidents that occurred in the 616 largest cities in the world. In each city, estimated potential and the possibility of hurricanes, storms, tsunamis, flooding rivers and earthquakes. For each type of disaster has been designed extreme weather scenario, which evaluated the potential economic and human losses. The scenarios are possible fatalities, injuries, damage to or destruction of homes.
The result was a city rating of the risk of suffering from disasters.
15, 6 million. People potentially affected by the disaster.
Tehran is located on one of the most dangerous faults in the world - the North Anatolian fault. Cities highly prone to earthquakes.
Los Angeles, United States
16, 4 million. People potentially affected by the disaster.
Los Angeles, as well as almost all of California, is situated along the San Andreas Fault, making it one of the most earthquake-prone places in the world; 14, 7 million. People are at risk of suffering from earthquakes at any given time.
16.7 mln. People potentially affected by the disaster.
Shanghai - the most populous city in China, is located in the Yangtze River Delta, which makes it vulnerable to severe floods, storms and typhoons. Its long coastline and a large volume of water flowing through the city, creates a special hazard.
17.9 mln. People potentially affected by the disaster.
Kolkata is located next to the world's largest river delta, which makes it susceptible almost every year to the flooding. The drainage system, which is over 140 years old, does not provide cover half of the city. Cyclones, tsunamis and storm storms can create natural disasters to which the utilities will be unable to cope.
22.9 mln. People potentially affected by the disaster.
Many large cities in Japan are located directly along the Ring of Fire, a continuous series of active faults, which accounted for 90% of the world's earthquakes. The tsunami caused by these deep earthquakes are a major threat in Nagoya, and can be very damaging.
27.7 mln. People potentially affected by the disaster.
Lack of planning can exacerbate the effects of natural disasters. This is typical for Jakarta. The rains, inadequate drainage, and the fact that 40% of the city of Jakarta is below sea level, talking about the possibility of a permanent flood.
Located near a fault line, Jakarta, is also prone to earthquakes, the devastating effects of which are increasing at the expense of soft, poorly drained soil.
32.1 mln. People potentially affected by the disaster.
In 1995, the Great Hanshin earthquake occurred, causing more destruction of the Osaka-Kobe, which killed more than 6,000 people, and caused damage to 100 billion. Dollars. The city is located on the coastal plain and occupies the third place among the Japanese cities of the tsunami hazard.
Pearl River Delta, China
34.5 mln. People potentially affected by the disaster.
The population density in the Pearl River Delta is unprecedented. On the vast floodplain is a massive city of Shenzhen, Hong Kong, Dongguan, Macau and Ghangzhou. This region is number 1 in the risk of gales, and the third by the damage from the winds, and the fifth of the height of the river flood.
34, 6 million. People potentially affected by the disaster.
Almost half the population of Manila is experiencing at risk from earthquakes, the city is seriously affected by strong winds and storms. Floods occur almost every year.
57.1 mln. People potentially affected by the disaster.
Tokyo-Yokohama exposed to serious risk of suffering from almost every kind of natural disasters: earthquakes, monsoons, river floods and tsunamis. Almost 80% of the population exposed to strong earthquakes at any time. In addition, Tokyo is located in the zone of the Pacific Ocean activity, which makes it especially at risk of joining the tsunami.