Tour of the catacombs of Odessa
• Tour of the catacombs of Odessa
The city of Odessa has a multi-layered story, and at least a layered structure. In fact, the catacombs of Odessa - is a whole underground city, Odessa-Underground, consisting of avenues, streets, squares, alleys and dead ends. According to the experts, the total length is more than 2, 5 thousand kilometers (for comparison catacombs have a length of only 300 km, and Paris - 500).
tour lasts more than 4 hours, and it's not sleek "Nerubayske mines", but the real, wild catacombs.
Safety - first and foremost. Helmet and a flashlight - it is part of the mandatory equipment, also need comfortable shoes, non-marking clothes and a light jacket. The temperature underground is constant all year round, about 17 degrees. I was comfortable in the shirt, but many were freezing. Elaborate on the street 30!
Entrance to the catacombs or tightly closed or masked to random people to not fall.
Sad urban landscapes, revive memories of the failed nuclear war meet "stalkers".
In the 50-60 years of the last century, the world stood on the brink of nuclear war already. In the cities of refuge built high security, which assumed the survival of tens of thousands of people. The meaning of this is very controversial, but always want to survive. Watch the movie "Dead Man's Letters".
All the exits and entrances to the underground shelters were tightly locked. People would have to be found here as much as enough supplies, so only at the moment such asylum completely looted. Pillaged everything that could be sold, and sold it on the next street located no less than the famous Odessa attractions "Starokon market."
Grilles in jail, in two rows.
On all side branches also installed steel doors sealed, if they failed to withdraw and surrender to the metal.
pipes, cables and other things, the past 20 years fed hunters metal.
Under the ceiling were a thick, multi-core cable connection and lighting.
The system assumes a closed air-regeneration cycle and water.
The border around the edges of the road - it's not just one big bench, but duct. Inside it is a hollow and it was served warm air for a more comfortable human existence. He had to sit and sleep rescued lucky.
half buried hole in the wall marks the boundary of the catacombs and shelters. If you know the route, then the catacombs you can go to a few more such shelters.
In recent years, the city began construction of high-rise and many passages were filled up, it would not have collapsed buildings.
First Odessa quarry belong to the beginning of the 19th century, when the construction of our wonderful city. Almost the entire Old City was built from rakushnika mined here. The stone was mined in this chaotic and haphazard. At first, it broke on the slopes of beams, and then began to use the mine method, resulting in and get all these numerous and complex maze-quarry.
The stone cut like wood, on flat rectangular bars in the narrow and stuffy galleries catacombs almost blindly. Now part of the catacombs flooded. Previously, water was less, but every year the level is gradually increased.
In some places the passages intersect the ancient caves. They may have a great length and depth. They are formed due to the dissolution rocks water.
Some of penetration because of this had to stop and go in a different direction.
In the karst fissures, both got traps ancient animals. The Odessa catacombs can be found bones of animals that lived tens of thousands or even millions of years ago.
Builders during penetrations fastened ceiling wood. Now secure the stone and the tree ate pretty mold.
Odessa quarries have acquired a bad reputation. In these labyrinths liked to huddle and smugglers, and the homeless, and bandits, and other criminal personality that relied in an underground city where better to police, the Cheka, and then the police.
Even the catacombs of Odessa attract not only adventurers in one place, but also the treasure hunters.
Odessa catacombs continued to deceive their labyrinths lot of people who want to wander around here without a knowledgeable guide and thrills.
However, these "adrenalinschiki" often become hostages of the quarries, so several times a year, rescue teams combing the underground tunnels.
In such circumstances (complete darkness, high humidity, a stable temperature) is very difficult to maintain track of time and orientation in space.
Sometimes lost in the labyrinths claimed that they had been in the "dungeon" only a 2-3 hours, although in fact they are located on the second or third day to a standstill at the faces, where they wandered, following hallucinations (water noise feeling the breeze, steps, female voices).
During World quarries are home to several partisan units.
The Germans and Romanians, after several attempts stripping, left this venture, and just blocked all entrances and exits.
From October 1941 mazes have been transformed into real underground fortress where there was also a kitchen and a bedroom, and even a hospital with an operating room.
However, it is the Odessa catacombs and steel for our soldiers death trap.
In May 1942, when the guerrillas ended with food, they became small groups to get outside, where they immediately catch the Romanian secret police.
However, certain groups of guerrillas remained underground for over a year, and this term has become a recognized world record stay in a closed space. Although it was not possible to survive in almost anyone.
One time (from about 1811 until the end of the 19th century) Catacombs became the last refuge for the unfortunate women who were smugglers first abducted and then hid here after to be sent to brothels in Turkey and Greece.
Not all captive could come to terms with his fate, stop them. Here and we buried them.
Legends and myths about the catacombs as much dust in the past. Catacombs patron god Booth (probably owes its name to the coincidence of the name of building stone with the name of the hero of Greek mythology). According to those who believe in him, God Booth lives in the catacombs themselves as a disembodied spirit, and can command not only collapses and the rapid growth of mold in the dungeons, but also terrestrial life.
Also, inventive minds of Odessa storytellers "settled" in the underground labyrinths dwarf hermit, monsters from a parallel world, and many more whom.
Among the findings, which managed to get here, and Odessa is not only a treasure hunt, there are lots of prerevolutionary kerosene lamps, damask, vials, "oldest" of magazines and newspapers, cigarette packs of the early 20th century issue, as well as banknotes tsarist period. That's only if that bear any of the underworld, leaving nothing in return, and be angry Booth delinquent will not turn out badly, and neither the earth's surface, no sunlight they will not be saved. Without irony in his voice, you can add that I have heard from adults and it is not sensible people a story confirms this unwritten rule. The very same standing and major discovery, which gave cavers underground city, considered a chic chaise in 1929, in which even the leather upholstery of chairs remained perfect.
Odessa bawdy songs world-famous. Their words often know even those who can not find on the map of Odessa.
A little rest and posedelki candlelight - also part of the tour. There etched stories and legends are told of the catacombs. The most popular of the underground stories - this is definitely a myth of the golden brigantine (gold "Titanic"). This myth has several versions, but all of them summarizes the same disappointing end.
According to the first, an earlier version, in Odessa there lived a captain of the cargo ship. Fortunate enough to him once in the 30 years of the twentieth century to rescue a Portuguese ship with a valuable cargo in distress off the Spanish coast. For his bravery brave captain was awarded the "Golden brigantine" - the layout of the ship's made of pure gold. However, before he could get enough gifts - as the war began, and he did not find anything better than to hide his treasure in the catacombs beneath hometown. Going to defend the homeland, brave captain sent the family a letter with coordinates of its underground hiding place and ... died.
The second version of the legend says that one of the richest merchants of Odessa, a journey on the trouble was on the board of the infamous "Titanic." However, he was lucky to escape, and in memory of his "second birthday," he ordered - what do you think? It is true, the layout of "Titanic" made of pure gold. Well, then you know - during the revolution merchant hid the golden ship in the catacombs beneath his mansion (which, incidentally, was in the district of the French Boulevard, near the Shevchenko Park), and later departed from Odessa, and died.
Returns accounts through the same atomic bomb shelters.
They look as if they still experienced the same atomic apocalypse 60s, for which they were prepared.
That's just no one could escape them.
A little entourage for authenticity.
How can you not remember the Strugatsky. Another reason to read about the bolts, mosquito mange and room.
On the surface, too, is not so easy to get there. You need to go almost four stories up.
And in the end you can wait for a dead end.