Photo Tour of the island of Borneo
• Photo-journey around the island of Borneo
Kalimantan, Borneo and - the third largest island in the world; only sea island divided between three countries: Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei. The island is located in the center of the Malay Archipelago in Southeast Asia and is popular with tourists.
The island is known by many names. At the international it is known as Borneo. This word comes from the name of the Sultanate of Brunei, whose ships expedition F. Magellan anchored. Expedition distributed it all over the island in the form of Borneo.
The Indonesian natives called the island "Kalimantan". This word has several theories about the origin. On one of them, it is derived from the Sanskrit word "Kalamanthana", which means "burning Weather Island" (due to the hot and humid tropical weather on the island). According to the most common version, the word "Borneo" is derived from the name of a local tribe klemantanov. There are other variants of the translation: "the land of mango" and "Diamond River".
Kalimantan - an island with a huge variety of plant and animal species. Almost all of its territory is occupied by dense equatorial forests. There are areas of the island, which is almost understudiedness and perhaps there are animal and plant species, yet unknown to science. In recent years, expeditions, explore the area, discovered many previously unknown species.
The tip of Borneo island.
Kalimantan many mountains. For the most part they are relatively low (1000-2000 m), but in the northeast, where the highest point on the island - Mount Kinabalu (4095 m), is much higher.
In Kalimantan is home to 19, 8 million inhabitants (in 2010), the population density - 26 people / km².. Most of the population lives in the coastal towns and leads subsistence farming, although in the interior of the island there are small towns and villages along the rivers. Just as their ancestors did thousands of years ago, people settled on the rivers, in floating houses that are not afraid of flooding.
The island is rich in deposits of oil, production of which forms the basis of Brunei's economy and is one of the fundamental articles of the Indonesian economy. Also on the island is carried out diamond mining. The island is in wet equatorial zone and densely covered jungle. However firewood dramatically reduces stocks timber. Jungle are also affected by forest fires in the dry season, especially large fires were in 1997-1998., Which could lead to an ecological catastrophe.
The most interesting plant species - a huge number of orchids, Rafflesia Arnold (a plant with the largest flowers in the world - more than 100 cm in width and weighing more than 12 kg), a carnivorous plant Nepenthes, eat insects and even small birds.
Nosach on the roots of a walking tree.
Among the animals typical of the orangutans, gibbons, leopards, rhinos, elephants, giant flying foxes. A Nosach found only in Kalimantan.
Malay gomran (hornbill).
Kalimantan - a paradise for birds. It is a place with the most diverse range of bird species in the world - more than 1,500 species. Usual huge number of reptiles - many snakes, including king cobra (the most poisonous and biggest snake in the world - up to 6 meters), Malay reticulated python (up to 10 m), as well as many crocodiles and tree frogs.
cableway in Gunung Mulu National Park is considered the longest cable car in the world, based on trees (length 480 meters). The road stretches from tree to tree in a circle of 20 meters above the ground and cover the 20 trees, around which are built platform for admiring the surrounding landscape.