10 arguments "for" and "against" the death penalty
Despite the actual moratorium, disputes over the justification for the death penalty Russia still continues to this day. Especially strongly they break out after another brutal and notorious murders. We will not speculate on whether the death penalty or not our country needs. We just look at the basic arguments "for" and "against" this punishment. And the conclusions let everyone makes himself.
"FOR": a just punishment.
Modern death penalty is a kind of vendetta on the principle of "an eye for an eye." In addition, the rule that the penalty must be proportionate to the crime has not been canceled. Of course, even murder can be different: it exceeded the limits of necessary self-defense, and manslaughter or in the heat of passion. But for this purpose and need investigating authorities and the judicial system to deal in such cases. Murderers who deliberately went to his crimes, and especially Serial must be punished to the fullest extent of the law.
"FOR": deterrence factor.
Inevitability of punishment by death can be a good deterrent for many types of crimes. Take for example China, which today can be executed not only for the brutal killings, but also for a bribe or for drug trafficking. That is why there is a very low percentage of such crimes. Nobody wants to be deprived of life only in order to make the extra few hundred thousand dollars.
"FOR": protection of society from dangerous elements.
The death penalty - an ideal method to protect society from dangerous social elements. Even with life imprisonment the offender can simply escape from prison, or continue to kill already behind bars. The death penalty once and for all eliminates the public from these people.
"FOR": The economic injustice of life imprisonment.
In the debate over the introduction of the death penalty in certain countries, this argument is often one of the main. Indeed, getting a life sentence, the offender becomes a state dependent, which will be kept until the end of his days at the expense of taxpayers, some of which may be relatives of his victims, for example. Is this true?
"FOR": The death penalty is more humane than life imprisonment.
In fact, life imprisonment is also not an amnesty law "a death sentence", but only stretched in time. The most dangerous criminals, or those for which there is a threat of their lives in prison, such as rapists and pedophiles, held in solitary confinement. Throughout his life, they will meet in a concrete cage, five times a week leaving a breath of fresh air. Of all the activities they are allowed only to read and write. In this case, a quick death is more humane punishment.
"AGAINST": The impossibility of rehabilitation.
The risk of miscarriage is always there. There are many such cases where the person recognized guilty after a few tens of years in prison. In the case of the death penalty to justify the innocent convict has not come out.
"AGAINST": Do not lead to corrective action.
The real purpose of punishment - is the desire to correct. That is why parents punish their children, for example, to make them understand that it's not necessary to do. That is why there are different types of judicial penalties: imprisonment, correctional labor, and so on. The death penalty does not lead to corrective action.
"AGAINST": The existence of the executioners.
Presence in the State Institute of the death penalty is the mandatory presence and executioners - the people who will lead the sentence. They are, in fact, too, will commit the murder, but unlike the criminals, they will be executed, it will be their job. In this context, hangman, sent to the light several tens of prisoners, will differ little from the serial killer.
"AGAINST": It may not always be a deterrent.
For some forms of punishment, the death penalty, as we have seen above, can really be a good deterrent. But not for all. For example, serial killers and maniacs, who know that they are already waiting for the death penalty, will commit more and more crimes just because they have nothing to lose. The same can be said of terrorists that and so are always ready to risk his life. For them, the fear of death will not mean anything.
"AGAINST": Generation of violence in society.
The death penalty is murder all the same, only legalized at the state level. A cruelty will always generate violence. Remember how before, when executions were carried out on the areas, virtually the entire city was going to look at this "presentation". But then the penalty was much more sophisticated. You would think that since society has changed dramatically and become more cultured, but no. According to UN reports, in countries where the death penalty is permitted, the crime for which it is supposed to happen more often.