What winds are blowing in Russia

What winds are blowing in Russia

Russia - the country is large, and it is, where to roam winds. Local wind in every region of our country. We remembered the main.

Barguzin

Mighty eastern Baikal wind speed of 20m / s and lasting only a few hours. Special power, he reaches the autumn. Blowing mainly in the central part of the lake from the Barguzin valley across and along the lake. There is a expense of flow of cold air from the Dauria Steppe. Blowing smoothly, with gradually increasing strength, usually precedes stable sunny weather.

Glorious Sea - Sacred Baikal, Glorious ship - omulovaya barrel.

Hey, Barguzin, get on the ball shaft, well done nedalochko swim.

Bora

Boron (ital. Bora from the Greek. Boreas- north wind) lasts from several days to a week. It's a breeze of Novorossiysk and Gelendzhik bays (blowing more than 40 days per year), the New Earth, Baikal shores of the Chukchi Pevek ( "Yuzhakov"), the wind on the western slope of the Urals. This strong gusty cold wind blowing on the coast of the seas or large lakes with ridges that separate cooling as well as a warm seaside surface at their feet. It is formed if low ridges separated cold air over the land from the warm air above the water. The warmer water and more contrast in temperature - the more powerful of boron. Squally wind brings a strong cold snap, raises high waves and splashes of water freezes on ship hulls. Sometimes the windward side increases on the vessel a layer of ice to a thickness of 4 m, which under the weight of the ship can capsize and sink. Before the advent of forests at the tops of the mountains can be seen thick clouds, which the residents of Novorossiysk called "beard".

Yuzhak

Origin of the name "Yuzhak" there is no doubt: Yuzhakov - is the common name of southerly winds in Russia. However Yuzhakov distributed not only in the southern regions of the country, but also in the north. So, Yuzhakov is one of the most dangerous winds in Chukotka. He is a danger of its suddenness and strength. Within an hour, the wind may blow rate of 40 m / s, and gusts can reach 60 - 80 m / s. Yuzhak carries almost all the snow, bares coast, destroying the building. It is dangerous for the vessels lying in the roads. Yuzhakov also referred to as the south-west and west winds in the Bay of Tiksi. It also features power and a threat to navigation.

Briz

Breeze (French brise -. Light wind) - a small local wind speed, changing direction twice a day. There is on the shores of seas, lakes, sometimes big rivers. Day land heats faster than water over and it is set lower atmospheric pressure. Therefore, the daily breeze blowing from the waters of the heated Coast. Night - from the coast to the cooled-heated water. Breezes in the summer are well expressed in stable anticyclonic weather, when the difference in the temperature of the land and water the most significant. Breezes blow a few hundred meters on land and on the seas - to within a few tens of kilometers. In the era of sailing navigation breezes used to start swimming.

Sarma

The most powerful wind and the lake, and Russia. This squally wind perevalivanii formed when cold arctic air through the coastal mountain ranges. It is named after the river Sarma, through the valley where the cold wind from the breaks to Lake Baikal. It appears as follows: arctic cold air from Prilenskoye plateau, passing through the Seaside ridge enters the tapered ashore lake valley Sarma, which is a natural wind tunnel at the exit from which the wind is transformed in a hurricane. Sarma residents of the village have to tie the roofs of houses to the ground. This wind is the most frequent and fierce autumn and winter: November - 10 days in December - 13. Before the advent of Sarma appear stratocumulus clouds of mushroom-shaped with sharply defined boundaries, gathering over the tops of the Primorsky ridge near Sarminskoe gorge. Usually, from the beginning of the concentration of cloud to the first impulse passes Sarma 2-3 hours. The last feature is the discovery of the "gate" - the appearance of gaps between the peaks and the bottom edge of clouds.

Sukhovey

Steppe wind with a high temperature and low humidity in plains, semi-deserts and deserts. Formed on the edges of anticyclones and lasts for several days, increasing evaporation, draining soil and plants. Dry winds are characteristic for steppe regions of Russia and the Caspian region. It may take - and to dry the entire harvest.

Mountain-valley winds

Practically a land breeze. Similarly, changing the direction of 2 times. The air is heated in various ways over the crests of ridges, slopes and the valley floor. During the day the wind blows up the valley and the slopes, and at night, on the contrary - from the mountains to the valley and down towards the plains. mountain-valley wind speed is low - around 10 m / s.