How to make a sound in the cinema
• How are the sounds in the movie
Sometimes we hear what we want to hear. Especially in Hollywood, where coconut replaces the horse's hoof, and food for dogs in the squelch metal can used to simulate the sounds produced by aliens or monsters. All these are elements of the so-called "Foley effect."
The term was coined in honor of its creator, the legendary Jack Foley, a pioneer of sound effects recorded in the post-production stage, radio, television and film in the era of the emergence of sound films in the twenties of the last century.
Those who came to replace him in this profession, today known as the Foley artists. Ironically, they are the most prominent "silent actors" and often unrecognized talents, because the hallmark of an outstanding artist Foley is that the sound effects are so organically integrated into the film that no one they simply did not notice.
Cutting the tape sounded like grass
"On Sundays, after Mass, our kitchen turned into zvukostudiyu" - says Jack Foley granddaughter in an interview with Irish America in 2012 (he Foley was the son of Irish immigrants), - my grandfather and the children were playing with all kinds of household things and tried different sound effects directly on the table. "
Jack Foley in the 1960s
Since the era of silent movies went into the story and the audience demanded more sound films, Hollywood had to learn a new sound world, and Jack Donovan Foley has been in this business pioneer. A resident of New York, he moved to California to work in the film industry, and doing this almost half a century, along with a whole bunch of other eccentric work (cartoonist, stuntman, artist, semi-football and much more). But it was the sound effects in the movie were his true calling, and Foley lifted the craft to an art form. Foley effects may only appear in addition to the content of the film, but in fact they strengthen, emphasize things that most affect our heart strings. Without them, we would be living in a world where movies can only watch, but do not feel full. So let's reveal a few secrets ...
Artists-Foley (Foley artists)
Record sound effects on the BBC studios in 1927
Kisses and the crunch of boots, rain drops and inexpressible words sound the death blow - just a few of the sounds that are understood Foley, microphones on the set is simply not able to capture. He divides them into three main categories: movement, special effects and the sound of footsteps.
Thin rods emit a great whistle and metal rakes may sound like a fence of mesh netting. Corn starch in a leather bag squeaks like snow in the cold. Burning plastic bags for garbage to recreate the sounds of romantic candle or crackling wood in the fireplace, and the crushing of frozen lettuce leaves sounds like a crushing bones or ice (as in "Titanic"). We could continue this listing is very long.
The trick in the invention of a new effect Foley is to figure out what kind of sound you want in the scene, as it relates to specific, sometimes fantastic visual effects, and then separate it from the objects that are usually associated with it. And it is not as easy as it might seem at first glance.
For example, it is difficult to record the sound of rain. Known Foley Artist Leslie Schatz in 2012, said the New York Times, that "if you listen to how actually sounds rain, you will realize that you can not use the sound in the film: it is too light and vague. I use to record sound that emits a jet of water gushing into the concrete. This is a very complex sound. "
As for the sound of footsteps, Jack Foley "walked" for stars like Kim Novak, Laurence Olivier and Rock Hudson, who, according to him, walked very "judicious". Marlon Brando, by the way, were, according to Foley, soft steps, and James Cagney - crisp and jerky.
The category of "movements" are the sounds of a foldable jacket or hand movement on the knee - something is actually undetectable and "special effects" - it's all in the world, from a kiss on the cheek before the explosion.
At this time in the arsenal of the studios there are many versions of the innumerable sounds, but many of them still have to be adapted for each film. Foley effects creation - it's not just the sound of pots and pans against each other or the shuffling of feet on the gravel.
Eyes Foley artists fixedly glued to the screen and the character's actions, which he voiced. In a sense, zvukoviki are secret doubles, participating in the most iconic scenes from the world of cinema.