Criminal groups in the territory of the USSR
The government of the Soviet Union categorically rejects the possibility of existence in the country of organized crime. However, life is denied grandiloquent statement. In the USSR, and then there were gangs, suggestive fear in the citizens, bringing losses to the state treasury and a lot of trouble defining the law enforcement officials.
How to form, what to do and where a gang was operating a "guest artists"
From 1971 to 1973 across the expanses of the Soviet Union drove about the smallest gang, consisting of only two people - the natives of the small town of Verkhnyaya Tura Sverdlovsk region Vadim Sidorov and Yury Kazakov. The first steps on the slippery slope they were made in the provincial towns. It was the paltry sum, no more than 20 rubles, while the real big jackpot - 2 hundreds - raiders stripped, robbed passers-by in Riga. Encouraged by success, accomplices decided to quit his job and surrender completely to the thieves profession. They traveled across the country, engaging in looting, and obtained funds rested on the Black Sea.
Soon there was an idea to rob Sidorova collectors. To do this, it was a weapon, criminals got hold of it in Kiev, killing a police lieutenant. With a gun Kazakov and Ford arrived in Kazan. Using the fact that the driver of one of the brigades of collection did not come to work, and two employees have left on route taxi, guest artists made a daring attack, killed a taxi driver and seriously injured one of the collectors. Attackers got fabulous money - more than 60 thousand rubles. Accomplices smartly rested on the Black Sea coast, and then got new passports to continue to "tour" around the country. Detention bandits carried on the train. Kazakov was arrested on the spot and fled Sidorova was arrested in Odessa in two weeks. For the robbery and murder of two people Kazakov and Ford have been sentenced to death by firing squad.
Nine Lives "Black Cat" why detectives did not manage to trace the gang Mitin
One of the most famous gangs, the gang "Black Cat", held at bay Moscow and the region in the 1950s. Its fundamental difference from other criminal communities lay in the fact that the gang consisted of working Krasnogorsk defense plant, young people - drummers, members of the Komsomol, athletes. He led a group of 11 people Ivan Mitin.
The first case of bandits in the Moscow suburb of Khimki police officer worth living. A month later, a raid on grocery store brought "Krasnogorsk werewolves" more than 60 thousand rubles. Squandered the loot, they continued robberies.
The capture of the gang was hampered by the fact that no one came into his head to look for the criminals among the best representatives of Soviet youth. The case moved the ball rolling when it turned out that criminals are involved in sports. MUR workers attacked on the trail of "mitintsev" Krasnogorsk near the stadium, and soon the gang, for which there were 28 robberies, 11 killed and 18 wounded, was defused. Ivan Mitin and Alexander Samarin, directly participated in the killings, suffered capital punishment. The rest of the accomplices received sentences of 10 to 25 years.
Tactics robberies "Fantomas" from Rostov
In the period of 1968-1973 years in Rostov-on-Don acted gang founded brothers Vladimir and Vyacheslav Tolstopyatov and Sergey Samasyukom. Criminals to mask worn on the head of women's stockings, for which he received the nickname of "Fantomas". Members of the group carefully studied schemes attacks on shops and cash collection team, but their plans are often frustrated by the contingencies and active confrontation of conscious citizens. Furious robbers used against people improvised firearm. Total "Fantomas" carried out 14 attacks and stole about 150 thousand rubles. The gang was neutralized during a routine flight. Thus, fulfilling the desires of one of the villains, who, he said, wanted to die on the bag with money.
Why malfunctioned round robin "nurses"?
In the early 1980s, the fear in the residents of Rostov-na-Donu it struck grouping, whose members called "nurses". The criminals got into premises under the guise of health workers. raids object becomes, as a rule, apartment speculators, who had a lot of money. Activities of "techs" began with the brutal murder and robbery known skupschitsy Svetlakova. Studying the business records of the deceased and analyzing similar crimes, investigators went to a drug dealer Zafasa Bartsisa, a native of Abkhazia.
The group consisted of drug addicts who are ready to do anything to get money to "dose." "Techs" the financial system could be called circular: the availability of money made it possible to buy drugs, and their implementation - generate more revenue.
Going on about his greed, the bandits began to sell their own goods, and thereby came to the attention of the police. High-ranking Soviet patrons narkomafiozi made significant mitigation of sentence criminals. So, with their help Zafasu Bartsisu managed to avoid being shot and get 9 years in prison.
How did the political terror, "White Cross"
The end of the adjustment period it is known that the country has revived the long-forgotten phenomenon of political terror. In Leningrad there was "White Cross" - the organization, which declared itself a fighter with a "red fascism". City flooded with leaflets to support the "great cause" and to join the armed struggle.
Under the guise of the People's Freedom ideas, criminals committed a series of robberies and murders. Thus, the bandits were shot dead collector, carrying a large sum of money and time armory.
For almost a year, "White Cross" remains unsolved. This is due to the fact that the organizer of the "liberation movement" was Arkady Mokeev, operational police officer. And yet, the gang managed to defuse. members of the group have received various terms of imprisonment, and the ringleader was sentenced to death, which was later commuted to life imprisonment.