History of the Swedish monument "Woman with a bag"
• The history of the Swedish monument "The woman with a bag of"
Recently, in the Swedish city of Växjö opened a monument called "The Woman with the bag," which symbolizes the civil courage. The prototype for the statue served as a shot in 1985 Danuta Danielsson that hit the bag of one of the members of neo-Nazi columns.
"Imagine that in your city there is a whole column of militant young people who are promoting the idea of Nazism, - says one of the journalists, Zoralis Perez. - Most people in this situation, feel the fear, uncertainty, anger, maybe discomfort. I'm pretty sure that most people will try to go to the other side of the street or even get out of there. The woman in the picture, however, to do otherwise. "
On that day, April 13, 1985, the street was the city of Växjö column Nordic Reich Party - far-right party, which supports the idea of Nazi Germany. During the Second World War, Sweden remained neutral, and therefore almost not affected by the anti-Semitic actions of the Nazis. Moreover, neighboring Denmark on the eve of the occupation of Germany forwarded nearly all of its Jews in Sweden, and thus keep them alive in neutral territory. Sweden has positioned itself as a tolerant country, where everyone is welcome and nobody's rights are not infringed upon - including the Nazis. That is why the procession, like this one, which is impossible in other European countries, Sweden passed without obstacles.
Danuta Danielsson (Danuta Danielsson) was the first who decided not to stand aside. She ran to one of the participants of the column and whacked him with her handbag. After her and the other inhabitants of Växjö attacked the neo-Nazis - they chased them from the main square towards the railway station, and the demonstrators had to lock myself in the toilet and wait for the police.
A photograph of Danuta at the moment of impact did Hans Runesson (Hans Runesson). The day after the demonstration, this photo was published in the Swedish newspaper Dagens Nyheter, and after it published and the British tabloids. Danuta instantly became famous. But this glory she did not like.
"She did not like to talk about events in the area or on the photos, - says one of Danuta relatives. - I think it was just a reaction to the woman - she did not like the picture. On it, she looked like an elderly aunt, while her at the time of the image was only 38 years old. "
Immediately rumors spread after the publication of photos of who this woman is. It said that her 54 years old, and that it was a concentration camp, but her father was killed by the Gestapo. In fact, Danuta was born in Poland - it is there for the jazz festival she met her future husband, Bjorn Danielsson. Mom Danuta miraculously survived in the walls of the concentration camp of Auschwitz, but her mental health was destroyed. She was never able to adequately care for her daughter, and because Danuta eventually took the family and she was brought up without a mother. Later mental problems overtaken and very Danuta - people often heard her muttering to herself under her breath or scream at his imaginary interlocutors. Several times, she also was treated at the hospital in a local psychiatric hospital St. Siegfried.
And yet, after moving to Sweden, Danuta has decided that there will be no one to depend financially and moonlighted in several works. On the day when it was taken off the legendary photographer, Danuta was returning from the market, and it seems to be outraged that locals can just like that pointedly indicate that they are better than any other nation or nationality.
Two years after this event, in 1988, Danuta took her camera and took the elevator to the top of the water tower in Växjö. She insisted on the fact that the staff opened the door for her in the room, so she could take a picture of the city from above. Instead Danuta jumped out the window. She was 41.
In 2015, discussions began installing Danuta monument. Her son objected to this, saying that his mother would not like it so much attention as she did not like it when he was alive. And the head of Eva Johansson Växjö City Council was also not enthusiastic about this idea. "Certainly, we are in favor of democracy and freedom of speech and we do not like the Nazis. However, we also believe it is inadmissible to beat another person just because we do not like ", - said Johansson.
In response, the people all over Sweden began to organize demonstrations, demanding to honor the memory of Danuta and steel monuments to hang on handbags. As a result, under public pressure, a compromise was reached: the monument is still installed, but the sculptor (he was Suzanne Arvin - Susanna Arwin) has changed the face of Danuta and removed her name from the name of the monument - a monument called a "woman with a handbag" (Kvinnan med handvaskan).
Now, it's not so much a monument to the most Danuta, who never wanted attention to the person as a symbol of the courage of ordinary citizens, and their desire to live in a free society, in which no place for discrimination.