Large-scale projects of weapons of the Third Reich
• Large-scale Projects weapons of the Third Reich
World War II was not only the biggest military conflict in human history. She has also become the largest testing ground for the creation and introduction of new types of weapons. Much of what used in modern armies, have been tested and accepted into service was in those troubled years. As you can guess, the most attention to its weapons program is paid to Germany.
German industry during the war has made great strides in the development and creation of rocket and jet engines. Much of the success was due to the fact that the creation of jet fuel was not subject to the ban on the production of weapons that have been imposed on Germany after its defeat in the First World War. Therefore, the first design of jet planes started in Germany long before the Nazis in the 1920s.
The first jet of Germany - Heinkel He 178 took to the skies 27 August 1939. Furore machine, however, is not made. Achieve significant progress engineers already during the creation of Me-262, whose speed will be 870 km / h! The Germans expected that having the advantage in speed of almost 25% compared to the fastest aircraft anti-Hitler coalition, will be able to conquer the sky.
However, rearm all Luftwaffe jets in 1942, it was not possible in the midst of war. The idea jets returned only in 1943. Fuhrer insisted that the Me-262 should be converted into a bomber. Commanders of aircraft could not convince in this their chief. As a result, re-started only in 1945. When the victorious march of the Red Army could have nothing to stop it.
2. "Red Riding Hood"
The Germans made a great contribution to the development of a tank case, and with it made a great contribution to the development of the business fight against armored vehicles. For these purposes, they were not only anti-tank guns and artillery, but also a "miracle weapon" Reich as the first rocket-propelled grenades. Much more interesting is that in Germany during World War II created another first ATGM - anti-tank guided missile. It was not brought to mind, but still represents a formidable weapon.
Work on the first in the history of anti-tank in Germany began in 1941. However, the project slowed down the dazzling success of the first on the Eastern Front. Most Soviet tanks at the beginning of the war blazed perfectly and without any "wonder weapons". In addition, BMW management has failed to achieve normal funding. To develop missiles allocated only 800 thousand marks (the same cost 3 tanks "Tiger).
But then came 1943. It turned out that the Soviet tanks not only hopeless, but also quite successfully beat German. In addition, the war has begun fracture. About "amazing" missiles immediately remembered. Revived initiative called X-7 Rotkaeppchen ( "Little Red Riding Hood"). Resources on it found at that time to work. Launch weight 2.5 kg equips the principle "panzerschreck" and could pierce armor up to 200 mm thick. Clocked munition using powder charge weight 3.5 kg. Range was 1200 meters. Thus for rocket stretched wire, which allow to adjust its movement. Interesting fact: At the end of the war, the Red Army captured about 300 experimental samples of "caps". ATGM was quite real and working. If Germany had developed a weapon yet in 1941-1942, the situation on the eastern front could greatly complicated.
3. Henschel Hs 293
Another "miracle weapon" Reich - Henschel Hs 293. This marked the beginning of a rocket to two kinds of modern weapons, namely PKR (anti-ship missiles) and UAB (controlled bombs). Today, these gizmos military can not be surprised, however, at the start of the Second World War there was nothing like it in the world. The idea of a new weapon Germany was simple - antiship bombs that could be reset at any place, and then send in the enemy ship pointing its remote control.
Work on guided munitions began in 1940. The bomb was equipped with a rocket motor and could be dispersed to 250 m / s. Warhead missile consisted of 500 kg of explosive. After the start of the munition in its tail lit up with five tracers, which helped the gunner in the remote control rocket. Work on the rocket was delayed until 1943. When the new product could go into mass production, it was "a little late." The dominance of Allied fleets at sea was already overwhelming.
However, he borrowed Henschel Hs 293 in the Second World War, the Germans still had time. In 1943, using the latest weapons were destroyed several dozens of Allied ships. Well, that such weapons have appeared in Germany in the beginning of the war.
4. Electroboot XXI
In 1943, Germany knew that the war on mora she did not get to win. Especially, if nothing is changed in the Navy. It was then that command decided to take a new force for the development of a new generation of submarines. New submarines were designated Electroboot XX. They are fast swimmers and can dive deeper. The disposal of such a submarine crews have 6 newest (at that time) torpedo which could let projectiles from a depth of 50 meters. Fortunately, the Germans have not been able to mass-produce the revolutionary submarine vessels.