The lake, which turns animals into stone statues
• The lake, which turns animals into stone statues
The small lake depth of less than three meters, located in the north of Tanzania near the border with Kenya, is named after the mineral natron. Depending on the season Natrona surface may be covered with a crust of inorganic salts, with the brought by volcanic ash from the East African Rift Valley (also known as the Great Rift Valley).
Alkalinity lake ranges 9-10 5 pH, and the water temperature reaches 60 ° C, so the animals (mainly birds), getting into the lake are killed immediately, but their remains covered with minerals and solidify, turning into stone sculptures.
In the pond live only a few animal species, including unique species of fish called alkaline telapiya furthermore is home to rare small flamingo, which is one of the few breeding sites.
Lake water reliably protect the flamingos from predators during the breeding season, so millions of these birds come to nest here, but it's still quite dangerous event - flamingos build their nests on salt islands that surround the deadly waters of the lake. When the evaporation of water results in a significant increase in the alkalinity of Natrona, activated by certain types of bacteria whose livelihoods colors lake in a blood-red color.
By the way, the first time the unique "ability" Natrona kill animals and turn them into statues discovered photographer Nick Brandt during her next trip to Africa. He made a report, placing the remains as if these birds and bats alive, which made him look like frames from a horror movie scene.