The most famous commanders of the Red Army during the Civil War

The most famous commanders of the Red Army during the Civil War

Choosing the best is always an element of subjectivity and can be challenged. But rarely any, even the best leader in the history, to avoid failure. A successful military leader is not always the only victory, it is also a career. The title of Marshal of the Red Army just did not give.

Mikhail Frunze

From those we describe here, he - the only one who came to the military posts are not from the royal army, and of the revolutionary struggle with the tsarist penal servitude. Organizational skills Frunze clearly revealed in the post of military chief. January 31, 1919 he was appointed commander of the 4th army operating against the forces of Kolchak in the western Kazakh steppes. In May 1919, Frunze unified command of the Southern Group of the Eastern Front, and under his leadership, Kolchak's army advancing on Samara, were defeated. This moment marked a radical turning point of the war against Kolchak. The troops under the leadership of Frunze cleared the Southern Urals.

In July 1919, Frunze became commander of the Eastern Front, and led the Turkestan front in August. Here he conducted a series of operations, during which not only restored the relationship with the Soviet Russian Turkestan Soviet republic, but also completed the conquest of Central Asia, finishing in September 1920 Autonomous Bukhara Emirate and proclaimed there a Soviet republic. In the autumn of the same year under the leadership of Frunze were finally defeated the army of Wrangel in the Crimea.

Frunze was unbeaten as a military leader. A civilian, he not only mastered the practice of war, but also became a prominent Soviet military theorist.

Mikhail Tukhachevsky

Tukhachevsky as the commander of the front suffered a series of major defeats on the Poles in August-September 1920, however, he became one of the most successful military commanders of the Civil War. Lieutenant of the nobles, half a year has earned five awards for gallantry, in 1915, seriously wounded, was captured by the Germans, from the fifth attempt he managed to escape. In June 1918, he was appointed commander of the 1st Army of the Eastern Front.

Tukhachevsky has repeatedly suffered defeat against whites, but knew how to win victories. He had a good relationship with Trotsky, who always saw Tukhachevsky a reliable support in the army. In September 1918, Tukhachevsky had a successful operation to take Simbirsk - hometown of Lenin. It is best proved Tukhachevsky, commanding the summer of 1919, the 5th Army on the Eastern Front. Under his leadership, the Red held St. John Chrysostom and the Chelyabinsk operations and overcome the Ural Mountains.

Tukhachevsky skillfully massaged forces in the direction of the main attack, seeing it as the key to victory. In February-March 1920, with the rank of commander of the Caucasus Front he completed the rout of Denikin's troops in the North Caucasus, and then commanded the Western Front against the Poles, where he first won a decisive victory in Belarus, but then suffered defeat near Warsaw.

In 1921 he led the suppression of the Kronstadt uprising of sailors and peasants of Tambov uprising, personally gave the orders to use chemical weapons, burning villages and shooting of hostages. According to the testimony of one who knew him, "he was not cruel - he simply had no pity."

Semyon Budyonny

He was famous for the famous command of the First Cavalry Army, and also not escaped the serious failures. During the First World War, non-commissioned officer Budyonny became a full Knight of St. George. Consistently commanded a regiment, brigade and division of Red cavalry on the Don front. In the summer of 1919 Division Budyonny was deployed in the body, whose commander he became. In October 1919, when there was a threatening situation for the Soviet republic on the southern front, Budyonny body played an important role in the defeat of the White Cossack troops Mamontov and skins at Voronezh.

In November 1919 Budyonny's body was transformed into the 1st Cavalry Army, which became the main striking force of the Red Army in the war of maneuver. The army won an important victory over the white, in January 1920, burst into growth, but was soon defeated by white cavalry generals Toporkova and Pavlov. Budyonny another defeat suffered in February Egorlykskaya battle. Nevertheless, they did not prevent the defeat of Denikin's troops in the North Caucasus, and around Budyonny already legends halo. Not faded, and he after in August 1920 First Cavalry suffered a severe defeat in Zamosc from the Poles, was encircled and miraculously escape from there.

Vasily Blyukher

Having begun to mobilize in August 1914, serving as a private and rose to the junior non-commissioned officer, namesake of the famous Prussian Field Marshal was in 1916, the reserve after being wounded and working in the factory, joined the Bolshevik Party. This man was a valuable frame for the Red Army. More winter 1917/18, he took part in suppressing the rebellion of the Cossack Ataman Dutov in the southern Urals. In the summer of 1918, with the intensification of the civil war, Blücher was in the enemy's rear. Blucher brought glory tysyachevorstny raid his guerrilla army of white rear of the Urals in August-September 1918. For this campaign Blucher first in the Red Army received the Order of the Red Banner. His military talent was revealed as head of the 51 th Infantry Division, at the head of which he fought against Kolchak, having risen from Tyumen to Baikal. The same part of Blucher commanded and during liquidation of Wrangel forces in the Crimea. 51 Division took Perekop, a part of the forces going through the Siwash, and ensured the success of the entire operation.

Nevertheless Blucher received unenviable assignment to distant outskirts - in June 1921, he became Minister of War buffer Far Eastern Republic. Successfully held in February 1922, the legendary Volochaevskaya operation, he was recalled to Moscow.

Vasili Shorin

Colonel of the tsarist army is little known, probably, because shortly after the end of the civil war has left the ranks of the Red Army by age. This, however, did not save him in 1938 by firing squad. After the October Revolution, when the Bolsheviks experimented with elected commanders, he became one of the top officers and soldiers who have chosen their commander. In September 1918, he was appointed commander of the 2nd Army on the Eastern Front, after it was completely disorganized the Izhevsk-Votkinsk rebellion in its rear, and in a short time brought her into fighting shape.

Unsuccessfully led the army during the winter offensive of Kolchak in Perm, but in the spring of 1919, as commander of the Northern Group of the Eastern Front, held a successful offensive operations near Perm and Yekaterinburg, culminating in the defeat of the main forces of Kolchak and occupation of the Urals. In 1921 he led the suppression of peasant uprisings in Western Siberia. The climax of his military career was the command of the Turkestan Front in 1922. Under his leadership, the summer of the same year were the main forces defeated Basmachi in Eastern Bukhara (Tajikistan). During their leader was killed basmachi gangs, former Minister of War, the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha.

Jaroslav Butakov