The list of countries to change its name
Many cities, countries, regions, and provinces around the world have undergone name change for various reasons. The name is often changed by political or national reasons, for example, when disappearing the next column, or when they want to express to the force of government ideology. The state can only change the name to honor, especially as a tribute to an influential person or an important event in the history of the country. The country can also change the name in order to improve their image or erase unfavorable memories and events from history. Ten countries that have successfully changed their name presented here.
10. PERSIA / IRAN
Historically, Iran has been referred to as Persia as early as the Greek chronicles. The land on which now houses a modern Iran was invaded by the Persians, who founded the Persian Empire. In 1935, the government of Iran under pressure from countries with which they have had diplomatic relations, has changed its name from Persia to Iran. The proposal to change the name was put forward by the Iranian ambassador in Germany are affected: scientific information. Countries agreed to the name of Iran began to appear in official documents. Also, some areas did not like innovations, but the decision to make the names of Persia and Iran are equivalent to change the attitude of people in this situation and today the country is called Iran calmly.
9. Kampuchea / CAMBODIA
Cambodia changed its name several times, especially when the new government wanted to erase the traces of the old. From 1953 to 1970, the state called the Kingdom of Cambodia. From 1970 to 1975 it was called Khmer Republic. Under the influence of communist rule from 1975 to 1979, the country was called Democratic Kampuchea. Due to the change of power in the United Nations from 1983 to 1993, the state was called the People's Republic of Kampuchea. After the restoration of the monarchy in 1993, Cambodia was renamed the Kingdom of Cambodia. Khmer Cambodians are accustomed to call themselves, which means "descendants of Prince Cambio". The name Cambodia is derived from a mispronunciation of western Cambodia.
8 BURMA / MYANMAR
The Russian familiar Myanmar in two versions: the actual Myanmar and Burma. Name of the country changed, first from Burma to Myanmar, and eventually it became the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, which was the cause of many disputes. The military junta has changed the name in 1989, but a year later several people were killed in order to suppress popular uprisings. The change of name has been recognized by some states, including France, Japan, and the United Nations. However, the United States and Great Britain did not recognize the decision of non-elected officials.
7. Transjordan / JORDAN
Transjordan was recognized as a state in September 1922 and was under British protectorate until 1946, until he was granted independence. In May 1946 the authorities changed the name to the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan following the adoption of the Treaty of London. About Jordan cited as the Hashemite Kingdom of yet from the reign of the Hashemite dynasty. Hashemite Jordan now use within the meaning of the royal family, and the name refers to the Jordan River, where Jesus was baptized.
6. Abyssinia / Ethiopia
The Ethiopian Empire, also known as Abyssinia, occupied the northern part of the modern state of Ethiopia. The origin of the dynasty Solomon Abyssinians allowed in 1270 to name the entire Abyssinia country. Abyssinians were in power continuously for up to XX century, controlling more and more parts of Ethiopia. Name changed Abyssinia Ethiopia X Haylesias King of Ethiopia during the Second World War. Some scientists claim that Ethiopia was called from the fourth century, the name of Abyssinia and that the Arabs extended Ethiopian territory larger than that of Abyssinia.
5. Bechuanaland / BOTSWANA
Botswana was formerly known as the British protectorate of Bechuanaland. The name Bechuanaland was taken by Great Britain March 31, 1885, when they recognized the country as one of its territories. The land was under the protectorate of Bechuanaland pre-independence September 30, 1966. Name of Botswana was adopted after independence. This name after the word "Tswana" - the largest ethnic group in the country - as well as from Vechuana as in the old spellings.
4. CEYLON / SRI LANKA
All the time Sri Lanka has changed its name several times. From 1815 to 1948 Sri Lanka, under pressure from the UK, known as Ceylon. Ceylon has gone from transliteration Tseylao, last name of the country, when it was a colony of Portugal. Name Sri Lanka appeared during the promotion of independence in the early XX century. It came up with the Marxists Lanka Sama Samaja Party. Officially recognized as the name of the Republic of Sri Lanka in 1972 and in 1978 it was changed to the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
3. ZAIRE / DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
Democratic Republic of the Congo had several official names such as Congo Free State, Belgian Congo and Leopoldville. In 1960 the state received the right to independence and became the Republic of Congo, named after the river Congo. From 1965 to 1971 the country was renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and in 1971, President Mobutu Sese Sex named it the Republic of Zaire. But the Supreme National Congress decided to change the name back to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in connection with the fall of Mobutu in 1977.
2. Upper Volta / BURKINA FASO
Botswana, formerly known as Upper Volta changed its name under the orders of President Thomas Sankara in August 1984. He chose the name of Burkina Faso and combined with two official languages. The name of Upper Volta, the country has received from the French colonialists because of the Volta River, which crosses the country. Burkina means "honest people" in the language of Moore, and Faso means "Middle" at Gyula. The two words together mean "land of honest men".
1. Dahomey / BENIN
Dahomey was a powerful pre-colonial kingdom, which was located on West Africa, which is now the Republic of Benin. Kingdom also cover the territory of the modern country of Togo and parts of south-western Nigeria. Kingdom of Dahomey was known for its skillful girls-warriors, who served as the personal guard of the king. The country changed its name to the Republic of Dahomey to Benin fifteen years after independence in 1975, led by Mathieu Kerekou. The decision to rename the country equate to the ideologies Marksism-Leninism, which held Kerekou.