How to shoot the film "Heart of a Dog"
• How to shoot the film "Heart of a Dog"
26 years ago, March 4, 1992, passed away the most popular Soviet film and theater actor, People's Artist of the USSR Evgeny Evstigneev. His filmography of more than 100 works, but one of the most famous was the role of the Transfiguration professor in the film "Heart of a Dog," which was released almost 30 years ago. Behind the scenes there are still many interesting details - for example, the son of actor later admitted that this film was for his father's real salvation ...
Tale of Mikhail Bulgakov's "Heart of a Dog," which was the basis of the script was written in 1925, however, when it was banned, because they saw in it "a sharp pamphlet on the present, which is printed in any case can not be." For the first time the story was published only in 1968, and then abroad - in England and Germany. The first film adaptation was also abroad - it was the Italian-German film "Heart of a Dog" in 1976 in the USSR Bulgakov novel published only in 1987, and a year later director Vladimir Bortko took for its adaptation. At that time, the problems of censorship will not arise - the restructuring has done its job.
The script Vladimir Bortko wrote with his wife, and they decided to use for this purpose not only the novel "Heart of a Dog", but also a few short stories and humorous anecdotes Bulgakov. For example, the episode was a challenge spirits of "Ouija", and a prophetess in the circus - the story "Madmazel Jeanne." The need for the director explains: "Using Bulgakov's stories, we expanded the scope of the apartment, where the story action. Now there was a street circus. " In this case, the streets of Moscow shot in Leningrad, since the shooting took place at the "Lenfilm".
In the role of Professor Preobrazhensky viewers could see the Leonid armor, Mikhail Ulyanov, Yuri Yakovlev, or Vladislav Strzhelchik. However, more precisely in the other samples appeared Evgeny Evstigneev. And this role he has been very helpful. Just at that time there was a section of the Moscow Art Theater, the actor was in the company of Oleg Yefremov, but asked not to give him new roles and to use the old repertoire, as he recently suffered a heart attack. Efremov rashly offered to him in such a case, leave "well-deserved rest." The actor was very upset by this conflict, and this is an unstable emotional state helped him to look at samples of the most soulful and compelling.
The son Evgeny Evstigneev Denis later admitted: "This film came to his father's life just in time and literally saved him. Dad going through a difficult period when the Moscow Art Theater, he was sent into retirement. It is difficult to agreeing to work in the "Heart of a Dog", he then just live with it. What was on the court, I do not know, but he is constantly talking about his role, something was playing, showing some scenes ... At the time the picture was a support for him. "
The actor loved sometimes before going on set or on stage to drink 50 grams of cognac "for courage". When there were problems in the theater, he began to increase his usual dose. At the same time willingly entertained actor Vladimir Tolokonnikova who played Sharikova. And the phrase "Beer not to offer Sharikov!" Behind the scenes transformed: "And do not pour whether Sharikov?". Once Evstigneev miscalculated and went over to break strongly. On this occasion, he had a serious conversation with the director happened, after which he never allowed himself too much on the set.
On the occasion of Dr. Bormentalja the director no doubts - he immediately confirmed for the role of the actor of the Moscow Theater of Satire Boris Plotnikov. But wanting to play Polygraph Polygraphovich Sharikova turned more than a dozen. One of the most prominent contenders was Nicholas Karachentsov but Bortko it "rejected", "Karachentsov skillfully portrayed the dog, but his acting role - the hero-lover, and I needed a dog in one image, and an alcoholic." Vladimir Tolokonnikova, which as a result got the role Sharikova found by acting fotobaze in Almaty Russian theater. And when he appeared on the samples, the director no doubt left. "Volodya killed me at the same moment as the took a sip of vodka. Of course, it was not vodka and water. But he was so clearly chuckled as predatory jerked his Adam's apple, which I approved it without hesitation "- recalled Bortko.
In the role of Ball starred dog named Cara, who also auditioned and beat them dozens of competitors from the Leningrad club service dog. The director was delighted with the work of this "actor": "It was a very intelligent dog. He did that in French is not spoken. Everything is done on the first take. " With this film he began his "film career": Karai dog subsequently starred in "Wedding March", "Re-examination", "Rock 'n' roll for a princess" and "Forever 19-year-old."
It is surprising, but the film Bortko met a very negative reviews from critics. The director said: "I opened the newspaper and was stunned. For the accuracy of quotations can not answer, but you can pick up the file and you will see that I am close to the text ... It said something like: "This shit like" Heart of a Dog ", he has never shot nobody. The director for this it is necessary to cut off not only the hands but also the feet and throw off the bridge. " But I still survived (laughs). I felt that did everything right. Abroad, we have taken favorably: the film noted prizes in Italy, Poland and Bulgaria. And two years after the release of "Heart of a Dog" on the screen to me and Evgeny Evstigneev was awarded the State Prize. " And the best reward was the incredible success with the audience, which has remained unchanged for 30 years.