The peoples who have practiced polyandry
Polyandry practiced in different parts of the Earth, including among the inhabitants of the Himalayas, Sri Lanka, West Africa, the Pacific islands and even in ancient Greece. Polyandry seduced people for two main reasons: a small number of children and a lot of hunters (or workers) that can provide plenty of family needs. In some communities, it was thought that polyandry improve the gene pool of the ethnic group.
A woman for all the brothers - Tibet
Polyandry has long been the most popular form of family life in Tibet. And today, according to an article by M. K. Goldstein, "Fertility and family planning in rural Tibet," more than 15% of married women who have 2 or more men (the optimum number - 3). This is due to complex conditions of life: the Highlands, Badlands, poverty. One woman did not give birth to too many children, and some strong workers in the economy - it is a guarantee that the children will be fed and clothed.
Fraternalnaya (fraternal) polyandry - a forced solution for poor families who do not wish to share assets between the brothers. Not having to pay for every bride to each one's wife - a significant savings. Fatherhood in such families, the official number of the older brother.
A woman in such a family is not the head, even to equality can not count. Leadership also belongs to his elder brother. And we have to work a lot, because to be fed all the family members, to maintain order in the house, on a daily basis to take care of the cattle and agricultural products. This contributes to premature aging of women. As for the marital debt, then everything is arranged delicately in this area - the woman chooses, with any of the men to spend the night. And if one of them for a long time remain without attention of his wife, the Tibetan tradition characterizes this situation as it is a personal problem. A man should make every effort to curry favor with his wife. If his attempts were unsuccessful, a daughter with a request to contribute to the establishment of a sexual relationship addressed in-law.
If a man remains unclaimed for a long time, he had to leave his family, go to a monastery or to serve in another economy.
Joint fatherhood on the Trobriand Islands
In the North-Western Melanesia women do not limit in the choice of lovers. Families natives are arranged on the principle of matrilineal - the children belong to the mother's family, and taking care of them, to a greater extent uncle (mother's brother) than biological fathers.
Husbands in gratitude for the love of a woman show to the kids and the location of all possible part: worn on the hands of a infancy, kindly communicate, help to explore the world play. Rather, it is a friendly one than the caregiver. However, children and inherit his father's property, it passed to his nephews. After spending some time in the company of his children, a man had to proceed to their direct responsibilities - to work for the family, including their own sisters and their offspring. And in relation to his nephews Islanders demonstrate rigor: require discipline, attentiveness during training in useful arts and hunting. This family structure is based on the belief that the conception of a child is more sacred process, but not the result of a physiological interaction between men and women. British anthropologist B. Malinowski explains the beliefs of representatives of Melanesia as: children - a little spirits that appear in the body of a woman, with the assistance of the spirit of her blood relatives (usually the grandmother or mother).
"Association of wife" in the Chukchi
In the northern peoples used different methods of family unit - and polyandry and polygyny. Polygamous marriages can improve the material well-being of the family - husband or wife conscientiously took care of the cattle than wage workers, thereby increasing the number of livestock, and thus the multiplication of wealth.
One of the most amazing family tradition in the Chukchi is "alternating marriage." Husbands could exchange wives for any term, such connections were permanent. In the relationship is not forbidden to participate unmarried or widowed men. The more the head of the family was a "fellow's wife", so it is considered more influential and respected.
The purpose of the exchange - not bright sexual experience, and the strengthening of social ties in the community. "Comrades," according to his wife were considered relatives of the first order. They had to support each other, to take care of the offspring of each member of group marriage. All children are "comrades" were considered relatives or cousins.
Moreover, all the men of this family unit designated as a "heart team", which meant the need to carry out a vendetta if someone of them foreign harmed. The custom of blood vengeance cover only the closest relatives of the peoples of Chukotka. Russian ethnographer V. Bogoras notes that neglect tradition of wife-swapping doom themselves in the unenviable fate. They do not have friends, they do not have to rely on the assistance of well-wishers and patrons in case of trouble.
How do I acquire husbands in Nigeria
Polyandry in the tribes of Nigeria and Cameroon was in the form of secondary marriage. Women marry her lover, gave birth to children, taking care of households - just like in an ordinary family. And when the period expired postnuptial she could marry another man. At the same time burn the bridges were not necessarily - every marriage was considered a lifetime. Along with her new husband regained African and a new home. The woman could go to live with any of their spouses at a convenient time. Children have always been with his father, he had to be separated to enter into a new relationship with them.