Giant monoliths whole world
The nature of a true master to create the most incredible landscapes, which does not require any additional tools. All that she wants - is the wind, water, extremes of temperature and from a few tens to hundreds of thousands of years of time. Individual attention, the monoliths. Other geological formations, they differ in that they are a single block of stone. From the age of up to several million. Years, and the size of some specimens exceed several kilometers. These giant stones in the world just 11, and to truly appreciate their size, they should at least once to see with their own eyes.
El-Captain, the USA
Mountain looms over Yosemite Valley. El Capitan is the largest granite monolith in the world. Its summit is at an altitude of 910 meters. It is a popular place for climbers and beysdzhamperov.
It is a monolith in the eponymous national park in Australia. Geological formation rises above the surrounding plain at 860 meters. The area occupied by the monolith is 47, 95 sq. km.
Rock of Gibraltar, Gibraltar
The monolithic limestone rock 426 meters high, was formed about 200 million years ago as a result of the collision of the African and Eurasian tectonic plates. Inside the rock caverns is more than 100, formed due to the elution of calcite limestone. The rock forms a peninsula, on the western slope of which is the city itself and reserve Barbary macaques.
Ben Amera, Mauritania
The monolith is located in Mauritania, near the border with Western Sahara. The height of the geological formation is 400 meters.
One of the calling cards of Rio de Janeiro was created by nature itself. Mount formed by the weathering of intrusive magmatic rocks, trapped at the surface. Comprising a monolith of granite and quartz and rises above the surrounding landscape at 396 meters.
Devils Tower, USA
The monolith of volcanic origin, is considered the oldest "national monument" United States. Age Devils Tower is estimated by scientists from 225 to 195 million years. Monolith formed from molten magma that rose from the depths and froze. The height of the monolith is 386 meters.
Peña de Bernal, Mexico
Mountain height of 350 meters is composed of dacite - vysokosilikatnoy igneous volcanic rock. According to geologists, the monolith was formed during the Jurassic period.
Solid orange-brown oval-shaped rock was formed about 680 million. Years ago. It is situated in the middle of the desert. monolith length of 3, 6 km long - about 3 km and rises Mount 348 meters. At the base of the mountain there are caves in which are preserved ancient drawings.
Stone Mountain, USA
Granite monolith of 250 meters is more than 8 km. in circumference. Mount decorates the world's largest carved bas "Memorial Confederation" having an area of about 12,000 square meters. m.
Sigiriya, Sri Lanka
Above the surrounding plain rock rises 170 meters. Monolith was formed as a result of volcanic processes and the release of magma, allegedly occurred about 2 million. Years ago. On top of the mountain was once situated palace citadel. Now from the palace complex remained only lion's paws at the foot of the monolith. Since 1982 Sigiriya is protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
The age of this granite monolith in the shape of the dome is estimated at 100 million. Years. Moreau relative height is 75 meters. On top of the monolith can be reached by stairs, consisting of 400 steps.