• Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal is the oldest and deepest freshwater lake in the world. It contains 20% of the total reserves of fresh water in the world. And still, Baikal is worth 236 trillion dollars, if you count the utilitarian value of water in the lake.
Lake Baikal is so big that it is often mistaken for the sea.
This Shaman - cape in the middle of the west coast of Olkhon Island on Lake Baikal. It ends bimodal rock called "Shaman-rock". Cyclorama.
To get to Lake Baikal can be different ways. Usually, wishing to visit him first go to one of the closest major cities: Irkutsk, Ulan-Ude and Severobaikalsk, so from there to plan your route in greater detail. Driving along the Trans-Siberian Railway between Irkutsk and Ulan-Ude, you can spend hours admiring views of the lake, which stretches right outside the window of the train.
The current value of the maximum depth of the lake - 1642 meters - was established in 1983. The average depth of the lake is also very high - 744, 4 meters It exceeds maximum depths of many very deep lakes.. In addition to Lake Baikal in the world only two lakes have a depth of over 1000 meters: Tanganyika (1470 m) and the Caspian Sea (1025m).
Shaman-rock, one of the nine holy places of Asia (formerly known as "temple-stone"), has become one of the most famous images of Lake Baikal: without her image does not do any movie or photo album on the lake-sea. The fact that Cape Shaman Rock juts far into the lake, connecting the coast with a low and narrow isthmus, gave grounds to refer it to capes "ostrovidnogo type."
The reserves of water in the lake giant - 23,615 cubic kilometers (about 19% of world reserves of fresh water lake). By volume of water reserves Baikal ranks second among the world's lakes, second only to the Caspian Sea, but in the latter the water salty. The Baikal water is greater than all the combined five Great Lakes of North America (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, Ontario), and 25 times greater than in Lake Ladoga.
If all the water contained in the lake, divided by all Russian citizens, then each will have about 166 thousand. Cubic meters of water, which is approximately 2773 rail tank cars of 60 tons each.
water surface area of Lake Baikal - 31,722 km² (excluding the islands), which is approximately equal to the area of countries such as Belgium or the Netherlands. By area, the water Baikal mirror ranked seventh among the largest lakes in the world.
In the period of ice Baikal freezes over completely, except for a small section of a length of 15-20 km, located in the source of the Angara. By the end of winter ice thickness reaches at Baikal 1 meter, and in bays - 1.5-2 meters.
When a hard frost cracks with local name "becomes a gap" break the ice on the individual fields. Due to the lake cracks in the ice fish do not die from lack of oxygen. Baikalsky ice, moreover, is very transparent, and penetrate therethrough solar rays, however in water rapidly developing planktonic algae emit oxygen.
In Baikal there are about 2,600 species and sub-species of aquatic animals, more than half of which are endemic, ie found only here. 27 species of fish living in the lake, occur nowhere else
The famous Baikal seal - one of three freshwater seal species in the world. Endemic to Lake Baikal, that is, it is found only here. Included in the IUCN Red List as a species close to extinction.
On Lake Baikal has 27 islands, almost all of them are uninhabited. The largest of them - Olkhon (71 km long and 12 km wide, is located almost in the center of the lake from its west coast).
And here is the Baikal with the ISS.
Despite the fact that Lake Baikal is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is threatened by industrial and agricultural pollution. The most well-known contaminant of water is Lake Baikal Baikalsk Pulp and Paper Mill.
But let's not talk about sad things. It is estimated the lake researcher, Soviet and Russian geographer LG chipped, utilitarian value of water in the lake is 236 trillion dollars.