Why Joseph Brodsky body was buried just a half years after his death
• Why is Joseph Brodsky's body was buried just a half years after his death
The fate of the great poet Joseph Brodsky was not always him gently. At home, he was persecuted, it was placed in a psychiatric hospital, and after emigration was not allowed even to come to the Soviet Union, to bury loved ones. And even after he left seething passion and debate as to where it ought to rest his body. As many as one and a half years it took to find a place for the final resting place of the poet.
unloved son of his homeland
The very first public appearance at the tournament poets 20-year-old Joseph Brodsky has led to the scandal. His poem "The Jewish Cemetery" and followed his recitation of the skirmish were perceived as a challenge to the party leadership. under the pressure of the jury was forced to condemn the young writer. So began the persecution of Joseph Brodsky.
Within articles started appearing three years, critics, distort facts and incriminating. As a result of Brodsky accused of parasitism, then in mental disorders. And went to the hospital for treatment, after which he was exiled.
such conditions have been created that Joseph Brodsky was simply forced to leave the country to again go for compulsory treatment, and even in prison. In 1972, 32-year-old poet arrived in the United States. Here he had the opportunity to write, and even taught at the university. He told his students about the wonderful world of poetry, taught to separate the important from the unimportant. At the very Brodsky was not even a complete secondary education, and his lectures attracted many who wish to see the incredible poetic effect, which turns into his lectures and seminars.
to undermine the health of
In America, Joseph Brodsky arrived already very unhealthy person. In addition to the pathology of heart vessels, which has been a poet since birth, he suffered a heart attack back in 1964.
Naturally, the health problems over the years only compounded. Second heart attack happened to the poet in 1976, two years later he underwent heart surgery. Parents of the poet was not allowed to leave the Soviet Union, to see his son. Subsequently, when the parents are gone, Brodsky also not allowed to say goodbye to any father or his mother, refusing him entry into the Soviet Union, even a funeral.
In 1985 and 1994, Joseph Brodsky suffered two more heart attacks. Last, the fifth, he was unable to survive. He died on January 26, 1996 in Brooklyn on the night.
and a half years in search of the last refuge of
At once the poet was buried in a crypt at the Church of the Holy Trinity, later to decide on the transfer of Joseph Brodsky's body in a place where it will be based.
In New York immediately sent a telegram to the State Duma deputy Galina Starovoitova. She offered to carry the ashes of the outstanding poet in Russia and buried on Vasilyevsky Island. However, this proposal was not accepted. The ground for refusal was impossible to decide for itself Brodsky, who never spoke of his desire to return home.
As early as 1998 the poet Ilya Kutikov claimed in his memoirs that Brodsky wanted to be buried in New York, near Broadway. Even supposedly bought the place in the cemetery itself. However, no evidence of this fact has not been found. More than a year has taken the process of site selection for the burial of the poet. Brodsky's widow Maria Sotstsani later made the final decision, when one of my friends suggested cemetery on San Michele island in Venice.
In fact, it was one of the most beloved cities in Joseph Alexandrovich, for whom he had almost the same tenderness as his beloved St. Petersburg. Played a role and the fact that Mary herself Sotstsani Italian origin.
However, even at the cemetery it is not immediately able to decide on a place where there will be grave Brodsky. Bury him in the Russian half would not be, although initially his last resting place was to be among the graves of Stravinsky and Diaghilev. The ban has been received from the Orthodox Church, as Brodsky has never been orthodox. In the Catholic part of the cemetery confessors also have not given permission for burial.
As a result, June 21, 1997 the poet's body was buried in the Protestant part of the cemetery, the grave crowning wooden cross. Only a few years later there was a monument to Vladimir Radunskaya authorship. On the grave is always a lot of fresh flowers, scraps of poetry, there is even a cigarette and whiskey.