Meteorites that are inherited in Russia
• Meteorites that are inherited in Russia
Meteorite bombardment has changed the face of our planet and led to the onset of an ice age. We can say that if it was not an invasion from outer space, the Earth is still able to edit the dinosaurs.
Planet stores memories of each stroke. The territory of Russia is so great that it is here that scientists find most of the biggest craters in the world. Do you think that the Tunguska meteorite was great? And how about a hundred kilometers of the meteorite, leaving a crater with a diameter?
100 kilometers in diameter and 200 meters deep: in Popigaj River basin is the largest Russian meteor crater. It was formed as many as 35, 7 million years ago, during the mass of asteroid bombardment, after which came Oligocene cooling. In 2012, the government declassified information that it housed the largest field of impact of diamonds in the world.
On the bank of the Kara Sea, is another large crater with a diameter up to 65 kilometers. However, these figures are not yet accurate: there is a theory that the waters of the Kara Sea to hide the true size of the crater - presumably not less than 120 kilometers in diameter.
167 million years ago on the territory of modern Nizhny Novgorod region has fallen a huge meteorite. The researchers were able to detect traces of it only through satellite imagery, as the crater is not visible on the terrain. Puchezh-Katun crater can be considered one of the most enigmatic craters Russia: here is classified ultradeep well - researchers drilled a hole in the ground as much as 7374 meters.
Crater Logancha crater
A small (just 22 kilometers in diameter) crater is located in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Glaciers and geological processes have deformed the structure, so that the researchers found only thirty years ago the crater.
This ancient crater buried under a thick layer of sedimentary rocks and is not visible from space. But in its place was built the city of Kaluga - this way, one of the mysteries of many craters, which for some reason prefer to arrange their settlement people.
Historians suggest that the crater appeared already in historical times, around the tenth century AD. lake reaches a depth of 27 meters, and here there is no mud or other vegetation. Around the same time, from the face of a lost people.
With the Chukchi this unpronounceable name translates quite simple - "White Lake". It appeared by meteorite and has a diameter of 13 kilometers. Scientists believe that this meteorite has led to a significant cooling of the climate in the territory of Chukotka.