Growing Indian bridges
• Growing Indian bridges
India - a country of mysteries, miracles and spiritual enlightenment. Here are some of the gods of the trunk and four hands, and bridges can grow by themselves.
We go to the town of Cherrapunji area in the north-east of India, which is located at an altitude of 1300 meters and is considered the wettest place on Earth. Here, for the "cultivation" of bridges used kauchukonocnogo roots of ficus. The process of "building" lasts 10-15 years. Living bridges can reach a length of 30 meters and can withstand the weight of more than 50 people.
The discoverer of the root bridge is Denis P. Wright. He was so interested in unusual buildings, he could tell for hours about them to everyone, and even some time to organize special tours to India, the Europeans could appreciate the beauty of the "live" crossings.
Bridges are grown in a suitable location - under the town of Cherrapunji, which according to various sources is the wettest place on earth: for the year here falls over 11,000 mm of rain. But a record number dropped in 1861 - 22.98 meters.
The material for the "construction" living bridges are the roots of Ficus Elastica. It is an evergreen tree, reaching a height of 30-40 meters.
The uniqueness of the ficus is that it has a secondary root system: its roots grow out. On the Double Bridge photo titled "Umshiang Double-Decker Root Bridge":
To ficus roots grow in the right direction, the inhabitants of Cherrapunji using special frames.
When he reached the other bank of the roots of ficus kauchukonochnogo grow in the ground. The process of "building" a bridge usually lasts 10-15 years, and in addition it requires constant care and attention.
Ready bridge can withstand up to 50 mature adults. Moreover, the older the bridge, so it is stronger - the roots of woody and become strong like steel cables.
For more than 500 years managed to grow a large number of bridges more than 30 meters in length.