Order of the Pug: a secret society of the XVII century, where all barking at each other
• The Order of the Pug: a secret society of the XVII century, where all barking at each other
When it comes to secret societies, imagination immediately draws meetings by candlelight, enveloped in an aura of mystery, and people in long cloaks and masks. However, before the symbols such orders were not only the ancient signs, but quite harmless animals. So, in the XVIII century it was extremely popular to become a member of the Order of the Pug. At meetings of the ruling elite went collars and bark.
Freemasons Hall - a place where Masons hold meetings in London.
Masons appeared in England in the XVII century, and representatives of all religions could join the ranks of the Order. In 1738, Pope Clement XII (Clemens XII) issued a bull, which forbade Catholics to membership in a Masonic lodge, under pain of excommunication. Those wishing to join the Masons did not decrease, only their meetings became secret. Plus, in many countries Masonic lodges renamed to disguise their activities.
The Order of the Pug. Engraving, 1745.
One of these companies, which were members of the aristocracy, who call themselves "The Order of the Pug" (Mopsorden). Presumably, this lodge was founded by the Bavarian Duke Augustus Clement (Clemens August) in 1740. Initially, there were Catholics, then Protestants. Order members were allowed to grow and women.
In the XVIII century Europe embraced mopsomaniya. Every self-respecting aristocrat was to have a pug. It is not surprising that as the Order of the logo was chosen muzzle of the little doggie. It was believed that this breed of dog is different loyalty and reliability.
The ritual of initiation into the Order of the Pug.
Initiation ritual looked pretty funny. New members of the public were wearing dog collars, scratching at the door, wanting to come in. After they admitted, they were blindfolded and led around the mat with the image of a pug. The ceremony was accompanied by the incredible noise, all members of society loudly barked, checking as a convert to the test. In conclusion, the newcomers had to kiss a porcelain figurine pug under the tail, thus demonstrating the total devotion to the Order.
The members of the Order of the Pug. Meissen porcelain factory.
Senior members of the Order were to be worn under clothing silver locket with a picture of a dog. another friend they called "pugs" (Möpse). Also, members of the order, and then all the other happy to have gained for themselves porcelain and jewelry in the form of a pug.
In 1748, 8 years after the founding of the Order, he was declared an outlaw. However, some researchers believe that the Order of Pugs existed until 1907.
The Masons with the pug and the globe. Meissen porcelain factory.